八年级英语(人教版)下册 77 页总复习

八年级英语(人教版)下册 77 页总复习

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八年级下 初二英语知识点总复习八年级下 初二英语知识点总复习
一、重点词组一、重点词组join the English club 加入英语俱乐部 host the 2008 Olympics 举办2008年奥运会 fill out 填出好 go on 发生;进行 all the interesting places 所有有趣的地方 quite a lot 相当多 make friends with…与……交朋友 be afraid 恐怕 be free 有空 see you then 再见 win the first gold medal 赢得第一枚金牌 get 28 gold medals 获得28枚金牌 the winner of the first gold medal 第一枚金牌的获胜者 every four years 每四年;每隔三年 behave well 举止得体 improve the environment 改善环境 plant trees and grass 种植花草树木 a symbol of …一种……的象征 stand for 代表 do morning exercises 做早操 be fond of (doing) sth. 喜欢(做)某事join the English club 加入英语俱乐部host the 2008 Olympics 举办2008年奥运会fill out 填出好 go on 发生;进行all the interesting places 所有有趣的地方 quite a lot 相当多make friends with…与……交朋友 be afraid 恐怕 be free 有空 see you then 再见win the first gold medal 赢得第一枚金牌get 28 gold medals 获得28枚金牌the winner of the first gold medal 第一枚金牌的获胜者every four years 每四年;每隔三年behave well 举止得体 improve the environment 改善环境plant trees and grass 种植花草树木 a symbol of …一种……的象征stand for 代表 do morning exercises 做早操 be fond of (doing) sth. 喜欢(做)某事
二、重点句型二、重点句型Could you tell me your name? = What’s your name?你能告诉我你的名字吗? What do you do? = What’s your job? = What are you? 你是干什么的? Beijing will host the 2008 Olympics. 北京将主办2008年奥运会 More and more foreign friends ride in my taxi (= take my taxi) now.现在越来越多的外国朋友搭我的出租车. Speaking English will help me a lot. 说英语将对我有很大帮助. Please fill it out. 请把它填好. What will the weather be like this weekend? = How will the weather be this weekend?本周末的天气怎样? There will be more roads in Beijing. 在北京将会有更多的马路. When shall we meet? 我们什么时候见面? Let’s make it half past six.咱们把时间定在六点半吧。Could you tell me your name? = What’s your name?你能告诉我你的名字吗?What do you do? = What’s your job? = What are you? 你是干什么的?Beijing will host the 2008 Olympics. 北京将主办2008年奥运会More and more foreign friends ride in my taxi (= take my taxi) now.现在越来越多的外国朋友搭我的出租车.Speaking English will help me a lot. 说英语将对我有很大帮助.Please fill it out. 请把它填好.What will the weather be like this weekend? = How will the weather be this weekend?本周末的天气怎样?There will be more roads in Beijing. 在北京将会有更多的马路.When shall we meet? 我们什么时候见面?Let’s make it half past six.咱们把时间定在六点半吧。
三. 重点语言点三. 重点语言点fill out + 名词 “填好……” fill + 名词/代词+out Please fill out this form. = Please fill this form out. 请填好这张表格. Please fill it/them out. (当宾语是代词时, 只能放中间) 请把它(们)填好. be afraid… “恐怕” 指有礼貌地、委婉地拒绝别人. be afraid of… “害怕(做)……” e.g. I’m afraid I won’t be free. 我恐怕没有空. He is afraid of dogs. 他害怕狗. They are afraid of losing the game. 他们害怕输了比赛. may be “可能是……” may是情态动词 + be maybe “或许; 可能” maybe是副词 e.g. He may be a teacher. = Maybe he is a teacher. 他可能是一名老师. He may know her name. = Maybe he knows her name. 他可能知道她的名字. between 在两者之间 among 在三者或三者当中 e.g. The answer is between A and B. 答案在A和B 之间. The winner is among of us. 获胜者在我们当中. There be 句型的一般将来时 正:There will be a sports meeting in our school this weekend. = There is going to be a sports meeting in our school this weekend. 误:There will have a sports meeting in our school this weekend. = There is going to have a sports meeting in our school this weekend.fill out + 名词 “填好……” fill + 名词/代词+out Please fill out this form. = Please fill this form out. 请填好这张表格.Please fill it/them out. (当宾语是代词时, 只能放中间) 请把它(们)填好.be afraid… “恐怕” 指有礼貌地、委婉地拒绝别人. be afraid of… “害怕(做)……” e.g. I’m afraid I won’t be free. 我恐怕没有空. He is afraid of dogs. 他害怕狗. They are afraid of losing the game. 他们害怕输了比赛.may be “可能是……” may是情态动词 + be maybe “或许; 可能” maybe是副词 e.g. He may be a teacher. = Maybe he is a teacher. 他可能是一名老师. He may know her name. = Maybe he knows her name. 他可能知道她的名字.between 在两者之间 among 在三者或三者当中 e.g. The answer is between A and B. 答案在A和B 之间. The winner is among of us. 获胜者在我们当中.There be 句型的一般将来时 正:There will be a sports meeting in our school this weekend. = There is going to be a sports meeting in our school this weekend. 误:There will have a sports meeting in our school this weekend. = There is going to have a sports meeting in our school this weekend.
四、交际用语四、交际用语 提建议的句型: Would you like to go hiking with us? 你想和我们一起去远足吗? What/How about going hiking with us? 和我们一起去远足怎么样? Why don’t you go hiking with us? 你为什么不和我们一起去远足呢? Why not go hiking with us? 为什么不和我们为什么不和我们一起去远足呢?呢? Let’s go hiking. 让我们一起去远足吧! Would you mind going hiking with us? 你介意和我们一起去远足吗? Would you please go hiking with us? 和我们一起去远足好吗?提建议的句型:Would you like to go hiking with us? 你想和我们一起去远足吗?What/How about going hiking with us? 和我们一起去远足怎么样?Why don’t you go hiking with us? 你为什么不和我们一起去远足呢?Why not go hiking with us? 为什么不和我们为什么不和我们一起去远足呢?呢?Let’s go hiking. 让我们一起去远足吧!Would you mind going hiking with us? 你介意和我们一起去远足吗?Would you please go hiking with us? 和我们一起去远足好吗?
一、重点短语一、重点短语have a cold/a toothache /a fever/a cough/a backache/a stomachache/a sore throat /the flu /sore eyes 感冒/牙疼/发烧/咳嗽/背疼胃疼/咽喉发炎/流感/眼疼 take a rest=have a rest 休息 not read for too long 不要看书太久 boiled water 开水 stay in bed 卧病在床,躺在床上 have a good sleep 好好睡一觉 feel terrible 感觉难受 day and night 日日夜夜 You`d better=You had better 你最好——- not so well 很不好 not too bad 没什么大碍=nothing serious much better 好多了 go to see a doctor 去看病 take /have some medicine 吃药 take—to— 把——–带到——– send—to— 把——-送到——- have a cold/a toothache /a fever/a cough/a backache/a stomachache/a sore throat /the flu /sore eyes 感冒/牙疼/发烧/咳嗽/背疼胃疼/咽喉发炎/流感/眼疼take a rest=have a rest 休息 not read for too long 不要看书太久boiled water 开水 stay in bed 卧病在床,躺在床上have a good sleep 好好睡一觉 feel terrible 感觉难受day and night 日日夜夜 You`d better=You had better 你最好——-not so well 很不好 not too bad 没什么大碍=nothing serious much better 好多了 go to see a doctor 去看病take /have some medicine 吃药 take—to— 把——–带到——–send—to— 把——-送到——-
hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶 lie down 躺下 look after=take care of 照看,照顾 brush teeth 刷牙 have an accident 发生一次意外/事故 Don`t worry 别担心 worry about 担心——– nothing serious 没什么严重,没什么大碍 check over 诊断,仔细检查 thank you for—- 因——–而感谢你 buy—for– 为——买—— not——until—- 直到——-才—- ice cream 冰淇淋 both—-and— ——和——-都是—- take some cold pills 吃感冒药 plenty of 许多,大量 hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶lie down 躺下 look after=take care of 照看,照顾brush teeth 刷牙 have an accident 发生一次意外/事故Don`t worry 别担心 worry about 担心——–nothing serious 没什么严重,没什么大碍 check over 诊断,仔细检查thank you for—- 因——–而感谢你 buy—for– 为——买——not——until—- 直到——-才—- ice cream 冰淇淋both—-and— ——和——-都是—- take some cold pills 吃感冒药plenty of 许多,大量
二、重点句型二、重点句型You should see a dentist.你应该去看牙医。 这是一种表达建议的句子。还可以用以下句式: you`d better(not)——-how /what about——–why not/don`t you ——– I`m sorry to hear that.听到这个消息我很难过。 这是表示同情别人的句子。 You look pale.你看起来很苍白。 (1)在英语中表示气色不好,苍白,不用white,而用pale (2)“look ”在这里译作“看起来”,作连系动词,后接形容词。如: You look beautiful。你看起来很漂亮。与look用法相同的连系动词还有 taste ,sound ,smell ,feel 。如: The soup tastes very delicious .这汤尝起来真香。 Your voice sound nice.你的声音听起来很动人。 The flowers smell sweet .这些花闻起来很香。 The silk feels smooth 丝绸摸起来很光滑。 ——Shall I take you to the hospital?我送你去医院吧? ——No,thank you.不用,谢谢。 Shall I do—-需要我做——-吗? take sb to sp.把某人送到某地You should see a dentist.你应该去看牙医。 这是一种表达建议的句子。还可以用以下句式: you`d better(not)——-how /what about——–why not/don`t you ——–I`m sorry to hear that.听到这个消息我很难过。 这是表示同情别人的句子。You look pale.你看起来很苍白。 (1)在英语中表示气色不好,苍白,不用white,而用pale (2)“look ”在这里译作“看起来”,作连系动词,后接形容词。如:You look beautiful。你看起来很漂亮。与look用法相同的连系动词还有 taste ,sound ,smell ,feel 。如: The soup tastes very delicious .这汤尝起来真香。 Your voice sound nice.你的声音听起来很动人。 The flowers smell sweet .这些花闻起来很香。 The silk feels smooth 丝绸摸起来很光滑。——Shall I take you to the hospital?我送你去医院吧? ——No,thank you.不用,谢谢。 Shall I do—-需要我做——-吗? take sb to sp.把某人送到某地
I`ll take some medicine and see how it goes. 我打算先吃药看看情况再说。 “goes”在这里指事情的进展。“it ”用来代指病情。如: How is everything going?一切进展如何? Everything is going well.一切进展顺利。 You`d better drink hot tea with honey.你最好喝加蜂蜜的热茶。 tea with honey 加了蜂蜜的茶,with表示一种伴随状态。 类似的表达还有: some coffee with sugar and milk加了牛奶和糖的咖啡 some tea without sugar不加糖的茶 Michael had an accident yesterday.昨天迈克发生了事故。 had an accident发生了事故 But my left leg still hurts when I move it.可是当我挪动脚时,还是有点儿疼。 句中“hurt”译为“疼痛”,作不及物动词。后不可接宾语。 e.g. my head hurts.I`ll take some medicine and see how it goes. 我打算先吃药看看情况再说。 “goes”在这里指事情的进展。“it ”用来代指病情。如:How is everything going?一切进展如何? Everything is going well.一切进展顺利。You`d better drink hot tea with honey.你最好喝加蜂蜜的热茶。 tea with honey 加了蜂蜜的茶,with表示一种伴随状态。 类似的表达还有: some coffee with sugar and milk加了牛奶和糖的咖啡 some tea without sugar不加糖的茶Michael had an accident yesterday.昨天迈克发生了事故。 had an accident发生了事故But my left leg still hurts when I move it.可是当我挪动脚时,还是有点儿疼。 句中“hurt”译为“疼痛”,作不及物动词。后不可接宾语。 e.g. my head hurts.
一、重点短语一、重点短语stay up late熬夜 be bad for对——有害 be good for对——有益 too much太多,过分 do morning exercises做早操 keep long fingernails长长指甲 play sports right进行适当的体育锻炼 go to school without breakfast不吃早餐去上学 have a bath洗澡 take a fresh breath呼吸新鲜空气 read —-about—读关于——- Ren`ai English Post仁爱英语报 ask sb to do叫某人做某事 give up放弃 read in the sun在太阳底下看书 throw litter about乱扔垃圾 on the lawn在草坪上 put——into——把——-放进—– exercise on an empty stomach空腹锻炼 get into进入 keep the air clean and fresh保持空气清新 wash hands before meals饭前洗手 potato chips炸薯条stay up late熬夜 be bad for对——有害be good for对——有益 too much太多,过分do morning exercises做早操 keep long fingernails长长指甲play sports right进行适当的体育锻炼 go to school without breakfast不吃早餐去上学have a bath洗澡 take a fresh breath呼吸新鲜空气read —-about—读关于——- Ren`ai English Post仁爱英语报ask sb to do叫某人做某事 give up放弃read in the sun在太阳底下看书 throw litter about乱扔垃圾on the lawn在草坪上 put——into——把——-放进—–exercise on an empty stomach空腹锻炼 get into进入keep the air clean and fresh保持空气清新 wash hands before meals饭前洗手potato chips炸薯条
二、重点句型二、重点句型Staying up late is bad for your health.熬夜有害健康。 stay up late熬夜 be bad for对——–有害。 be good for—对——有好处 staying up late is—动名词作主语。当我们需要一个动词充当主语时,常用此动词的动名词(即doing)形式。 e.g. Playing basketball is good for your heath.打篮球对你的身体有好处。 Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.躺在床上看书对眼睛有害。 Swimming is my hobby.游泳是我的爱好。 It will keep you active during the day.它会使你在白天保持活力。 keep sth/sb .+adj.保持某物/某人在某种状态。 e.g. keep your fingersails clean.保持你的指甲干净。 keep our streets clean.让街道保持干净。 Different foods help us in different ways不同的食物对我们有不同的作用. in different ways.译为“用不同的方式”。 If we eat too littele or too much food—–如果我们吃太少或太多食物—— little 少得几乎没有,表否定,修饰不可数名词。 a little有一些,表示肯定,修饰不可数名词。 与 little ,a little类似的用法的还有 few, a few 。 few少得几乎没有,表否定,修饰可数名词。 a few有一些,表示肯定,修饰可数名词。 Walking is good exercise and it is necessary for good health. 散步是很好的锻炼,它是身体健康必不可少的。 be necessary for—-对——–来说是必不可少的 如: e.g. Sunshine is necessary for our life.阳光对于我们的生活来说是必不可少的。 Food is necessary for life.食物是生命所必需的。Staying up late is bad for your health.熬夜有害健康。 stay up late熬夜 be bad for对——–有害。 be good for—对——有好处 staying up late is—动名词作主语。当我们需要一个动词充当主语时,常用此动词的动名词(即doing)形式。 e.g. Playing basketball is good for your heath.打篮球对你的身体有好处。 Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.躺在床上看书对眼睛有害。 Swimming is my hobby.游泳是我的爱好。It will keep you active during the day.它会使你在白天保持活力。keep sth/sb .+adj.保持某物/某人在某种状态。 e.g. keep your fingersails clean.保持你的指甲干净。 keep our streets clean.让街道保持干净。Different foods help us in different ways不同的食物对我们有不同的作用. in different ways.译为“用不同的方式”。If we eat too littele or too much food—–如果我们吃太少或太多食物—— little 少得几乎没有,表否定,修饰不可数名词。 a little有一些,表示肯定,修饰不可数名词。 与 little ,a little类似的用法的还有 few, a few 。 few少得几乎没有,表否定,修饰可数名词。 a few有一些,表示肯定,修饰可数名词。Walking is good exercise and it is necessary for good health. 散步是很好的锻炼,它是身体健康必不可少的。 be necessary for—-对——–来说是必不可少的 如: e.g. Sunshine is necessary for our life.阳光对于我们的生活来说是必不可少的。 Food is necessary for life.食物是生命所必需的。
三、语法学习三、语法学习情态动词must及其否定形式 must not must 译为“必须做——”其否定意义“不必做——-”,用don`t have to 表示,而不用must not 。 e.g. ——must I finish it tonight? ——No, you don`t have to. 而must not 译作“禁止做——–”。 e.g. You must not throw litter about. Don`t throw litter about.别到处乱扔垃圾。 情态动词may有两种含义,表示请求允许,译作“可以”。 e.g. May I come in ?我可以进来吗? 表示推测,译作“可能”。 e.g You may get a headache when you work too hard.当你工作太累时你可能回会到头疼。 You may get a headache when you can`t get enough sleep. 当你睡眠不足时,你可能会头疼。 enough sleep 充足的睡眠。 enough 修饰名词时放在前后均可;当它修饰形容词时,一般放在形容词后面。如:strong enough足够强壮情态动词must及其否定形式 must not must 译为“必须做——”其否定意义“不必做——-”,用don`t have to 表示,而不用must not 。 e.g. ——must I finish it tonight? ——No, you don`t have to. 而must not 译作“禁止做——–”。 e.g. You must not throw litter about. Don`t throw litter about.别到处乱扔垃圾。情态动词may有两种含义,表示请求允许,译作“可以”。 e.g. May I come in ?我可以进来吗? 表示推测,译作“可能”。 e.g You may get a headache when you work too hard.当你工作太累时你可能回会到头疼。 You may get a headache when you can`t get enough sleep. 当你睡眠不足时,你可能会头疼。enough sleep 充足的睡眠。 enough 修饰名词时放在前后均可;当它修饰形容词时,一般放在形容词后面。如:strong enough足够强壮
重点短语重点短语hurry up快点,赶快 go ahead(尤指经某人允许)开始,干下去,走在前面,领先 do more exercise多锻炼 do some cleaning做扫除 all the time一直 have to不得不,必须 keep away远离——- just a moment稍等一会儿=wait a minute get through拨通(电话);通过 take care of照顾 care for照顾(病人);照料;喜欢 talk with和—-交谈 enjoy oneself过得愉快 Chinese medicine中药 since then从那时起 get lost丢失了,迷路 on one`s way to—-在某人去———-的路上 by mistake错误地 ask for leave请假 healthy food健康食物hurry up快点,赶快go ahead(尤指经某人允许)开始,干下去,走在前面,领先do more exercise多锻炼 do some cleaning做扫除all the time一直 have to不得不,必须keep away远离——- just a moment稍等一会儿=wait a minuteget through拨通(电话);通过 take care of照顾 care for照顾(病人);照料;喜欢 talk with和—-交谈enjoy oneself过得愉快 Chinese medicine中药since then从那时起 get lost丢失了,迷路on one`s way to—-在某人去———-的路上 by mistake错误地ask for leave请假 healthy food健康食物
crowded places拥挤的地方 do one`s best尽力 change clothes often常换衣服 wash hands often常洗手 ring——up打电话给——– =call sb. leave a message 留口信 take a message带口信 call—-back给——回电话 take an active part in积极参加 the name of—– ——-的名称 what do you think of– ?你认为———怎么样? have a good time=enjoy oneself过得愉快 next time下次 let ——-out让——-出去 teach oneself on the Internet网上自学 be afraid of害怕—–,恐惧– crowded places拥挤的地方 do one`s best尽力change clothes often常换衣服 wash hands often常洗手ring——up打电话给——– =call sb. leave a message 留口信take a message带口信 call—-back给——回电话take an active part in积极参加 the name of—– ——-的名称what do you think of– ?你认为———怎么样?have a good time=enjoy oneself过得愉快next time下次 let ——-out让——-出去teach oneself on the Internet网上自学be afraid of害怕—–,恐惧–
重点句型重点句型 Sure,go ahead.当然可以,请问吧! ahead 意思是向前,这里的go ahead原意为向前走,在这里译作继续问问题, 相当于go on Please tell my father to take care of himself 请告诉我爸爸照顾好自己。 take care of 照顾,照料。同义词:look after tell sb to do sth ask sb to do sth want sb to do sth get sb to do sth 表示让某人去做某时事 can I take a message?我能为您梢个口信吗? take a message 梢口信 leave a message 留口信 give a message to ——–给某人一个口信 I`ll tell her when she comes back.她一回来我就告诉她。 本句是由when引导的时间状语从句。当主句的动词用一般将来时时,从句一般用现在时。 e.g. He`ll phoneme when he arrives in Beijing .当他到北京时,他将回给我打电话。 he took an active part in the battle against it.他积极投身于抗击“非典”的战斗中。 against 与—相对抗 take part in——–参加——–;加入到某种活动中 take an active part in—-积极参加,e.g. You should take an active part in the sports meet in your school.你应该积极参加你们学校的运动会。 He cared for the patients.他日夜关心着病人。 care for sb— 关心某人Sure,go ahead.当然可以,请问吧! ahead 意思是向前,这里的go ahead原意为向前走,在这里译作继续问问题, 相当于go onPlease tell my father to take care of himself 请告诉我爸爸照顾好自己。 take care of 照顾,照料。同义词:look after tell sb to do sth ask sb to do sth want sb to do sth get sb to do sth 表示让某人去做某时事can I take a message?我能为您梢个口信吗? take a message 梢口信 leave a message 留口信 give a message to ——–给某人一个口信I`ll tell her when she comes back.她一回来我就告诉她。 本句是由when引导的时间状语从句。当主句的动词用一般将来时时,从句一般用现在时。 e.g. He`ll phoneme when he arrives in Beijing .当他到北京时,他将回给我打电话。he took an active part in the battle against it.他积极投身于抗击“非典”的战斗中。 against 与—相对抗 take part in——–参加——–;加入到某种活动中 take an active part in—-积极参加,e.g. You should take an active part in the sports meet in your school.你应该积极参加你们学校的运动会。He cared for the patients.他日夜关心着病人。 care for sb— 关心某人
It`s my duty to save the patients. 救治病人是我的职责。 it`s——to do—– 做某事是———在此句式中,“to do — ”是真正的主语,而“it ”是形式主语,类似的句式有: It`s dangerous to climb the tree.怕树很危险。 Long time no see. 好久没见! 这是一句常用口语,在久别重逢的朋友之间,还可以说 “Haven`t seen you for a long time!”。 I tought myself on the Internet. 我在网上自学。 on the Internet 在网络上。介词on用来表示在网上、电视上、收音机里、电话里。 如:on the phone, on the radio ,on tv teach oneself自学,近义词组为: learn by oneself e.g. How often does Mr Brown exercise? 布朗先生多长时间锻炼一次? how often对频率提问,回答用 once/twice/three times—–a day/a week/—– ; exercise在这里为动词,意思是“锻炼,运动”。It`s my duty to save the patients. 救治病人是我的职责。 it`s——to do—– 做某事是———在此句式中,“to do — ”是真正的主语,而“it ”是形式主语,类似的句式有: It`s dangerous to climb the tree.怕树很危险。Long time no see. 好久没见! 这是一句常用口语,在久别重逢的朋友之间,还可以说 “Haven`t seen you for a long time!”。I tought myself on the Internet. 我在网上自学。 on the Internet 在网络上。介词on用来表示在网上、电视上、收音机里、电话里。 如:on the phone, on the radio ,on tv teach oneself自学,近义词组为: learn by oneself e.g. How often does Mr Brown exercise? 布朗先生多长时间锻炼一次? how often对频率提问,回答用 once/twice/three times—–a day/a week/—– ; exercise在这里为动词,意思是“锻炼,运动”。
反身代词 反身代词 1.反身代词的形式 2、反身代词的用法 1)“by+反身代词”表示“单独地,独自一人地”。如: The boy couldn`t make the model plane by himself那个男孩不能独自制作飞机模型。 2)反身代词常与一些动词连用。如: “teach+反身代词”表示“自学”;“ hurt+反身代词”表示“伤到自己”。如: Jane teaches herself English.简自学英语。 Lily fell down and hurt herself yesterday. 昨天莉莉自己摔伤了。 注:反身代词与个别动词搭配使用,意思发生变化。如: “help +反身代词+to—-”表示“随便吃—–”; “ enjoy+反身代词”表示“—–玩得开心”。 e.g. Help yourself to some strawberries,please.请随便吃些草莓。 They enjoyed themselves at the party last night.昨晚在晚会上他们玩得很开心。 3)反身代词作名词或代词的同位语时,起加强语气的作用,可译为“亲自,本人”。如: e.g.You `d better ask your teacher about it yourself.你最好亲自去问你的老师。1.反身代词的形式2、反身代词的用法1)“by+反身代词”表示“单独地,独自一人地”。如: The boy couldn`t make the model plane by himself那个男孩不能独自制作飞机模型。2)反身代词常与一些动词连用。如: “teach+反身代词”表示“自学”;“ hurt+反身代词”表示“伤到自己”。如: Jane teaches herself English.简自学英语。 Lily fell down and hurt herself yesterday. 昨天莉莉自己摔伤了。 注:反身代词与个别动词搭配使用,意思发生变化。如: “help +反身代词+to—-”表示“随便吃—–”; “ enjoy+反身代词”表示“—–玩得开心”。 e.g. Help yourself to some strawberries,please.请随便吃些草莓。 They enjoyed themselves at the party last night.昨晚在晚会上他们玩得很开心。3)反身代词作名词或代词的同位语时,起加强语气的作用,可译为“亲自,本人”。如: e.g.You `d better ask your teacher about it yourself.你最好亲自去问你的老师。
hobby 爱好 vacation假期 painting 绘画 friendship友谊 knowledge 知识 daily 每日的 whether 是否 such as 例如 used to do sth. 过去常常做某事 take a bath 洗澡 be interested in 对……感兴趣 go dancing 跳舞 go boating 划船 play volleyball 打排球 swimming 游泳 drawing 画画 collecting stamps 集邮 collecting coins 收藏硬币 listening to pop music 听流行音乐 listening to classical music 听古典音乐 listening to symphony 听交响乐 walking in the countryside 在乡间散步hobby 爱好 vacation假期 painting 绘画 friendship友谊 knowledge 知识 daily 每日的 whether 是否 such as 例如 used to do sth. 过去常常做某事 take a bath 洗澡 be interested in 对……感兴趣go dancing 跳舞 go boating 划船 play volleyball 打排球 swimming 游泳 drawing 画画 collecting stamps 集邮 collecting coins 收藏硬币listening to pop music 听流行音乐 listening to classical music 听古典音乐listening to symphony 听交响乐 walking in the countryside 在乡间散步
重点句型重点句型1.Wow! So many stamps! 哇,那么多的邮票!本句意为:There are so many stamps.?so many意思是“那么多”,so much意思也是“那么多”。 e.g. 1)There are so many flowers. Or:?So many flowers!这里有这么多的花 2)There is so much water on the table. Or: So much water!桌子上有那么多的水。 2. We can learn a lot about people, places, history, and special times from stamps. 通过这些邮票我们可以学到许多关于人文、地理、历史和特殊时代的知识。 a lot “许多、大量”,用在动词后,同very much。 e.g. 1)She had told me a lot about how to learn English well.她告诉我许多有关怎样学好英语的方法。 2)Thanks a lot.非常感谢。 另外,a lot of 和lots of 的意思也是“许多、大量”,要用在名词前,在肯定句中常代替much,many。在口语中尤其如此。 e.g. There are a lot of / lots of history books in the room.屋里有许多历史书。 There is still a lot of / lots of snow on top of the house.房上仍有许多雪。 We have had a lot of / lots of fruits. 我们吃过许多水果。 a lot of和lots of之间没有多大区别,都可以与可数名词和不可数名词连用。与不可数名词连用时,动词用单数,与可数名词连用时,动词用复数 1.Wow! So many stamps! 哇,那么多的邮票!本句意为:There are so many stamps.?so many意思是“那么多”,so much意思也是“那么多”。 e.g. 1)There are so many flowers. Or:?So many flowers!这里有这么多的花 2)There is so much water on the table. Or: So much water!桌子上有那么多的水。2. We can learn a lot about people, places, history, and special times from stamps. 通过这些邮票我们可以学到许多关于人文、地理、历史和特殊时代的知识。a lot “许多、大量”,用在动词后,同very much。 e.g. 1)She had told me a lot about how to learn English well.她告诉我许多有关怎样学好英语的方法。 2)Thanks a lot.非常感谢。 另外,a lot of 和lots of 的意思也是“许多、大量”,要用在名词前,在肯定句中常代替much,many。在口语中尤其如此。 e.g. There are a lot of / lots of history books in the room.屋里有许多历史书。 There is still a lot of / lots of snow on top of the house.房上仍有许多雪。 We have had a lot of / lots of fruits. 我们吃过许多水果。 a lot of和lots of之间没有多大区别,都可以与可数名词和不可数名词连用。与不可数名词连用时,动词用单数,与可数名词连用时,动词用复数
What things do you love collecting? 你喜欢集什么东西?love + doing表示“喜欢、爱好”,也可以用like+ doing e.g. I love listening to the music.我爱好听音乐。 I love skating.我喜欢溜冰 I am interested in playing sports. 我对运动感兴趣。be interested in (doing) sth. “对……感兴趣” e.g. I’m interested in reading books.我对读书特别感兴 Jack is interested in football.杰克对足球很感兴趣。 What do you often do in your spare time? 在你的业余时间里面你都做些什么啊? in one’s spare time “在业余时间”“在闲暇之际”,也可用in one’s free time替换。 e.g. 1)I shall do it in my spare time. 我会在我的业余时间做这件事。 2)In my free time I often go to the movies.在闲暇之际,我常去看电影。 What things do you love collecting? 你喜欢集什么东西?love + doing表示“喜欢、爱好”,也可以用like+ doing e.g. I love listening to the music.我爱好听音乐。 I love skating.我喜欢溜冰I am interested in playing sports. 我对运动感兴趣。be interested in (doing) sth. “对……感兴趣” e.g. I’m interested in reading books.我对读书特别感兴 Jack is interested in football.杰克对足球很感兴趣。What do you often do in your spare time? 在你的业余时间里面你都做些什么啊? in one’s spare time “在业余时间”“在闲暇之际”,也可用in one’s free time替换。 e.g. 1)I shall do it in my spare time. 我会在我的业余时间做这件事。 2)In my free time I often go to the movies.在闲暇之际,我常去看电影。
go + doing表示“去做某事”go +v-ing结构很常用,多用于体育活动和业余娱乐活动。 e.g. 1)Let’s go fishing next Sunday.下星期天我们去钓鱼吧。 2)Are you going hiking this weekend?这个周末你打算去远足吗????? ?? 另外还有:go hunting 去打猎 go shooting 去射击 go swimming 去游泳 go bathing 去沐浴 go shopping 去购物 go climbing 去爬山 And I do a lot of reading. 我通常都是阅读一些书籍。在英语中有不少由“do + doing”的结构,表示“干某事”。 e.g. 散步 do some walking do a lot of walking 读书 do some reading do a lot of reading 洗衣服do some washing do a lot of washing 买东西 do some shopping do a lot of shopping I’m a movie fan. 我是一个电影迷。 fan(运动、电影等)狂热爱好者。如:a film / football / star fan 同时,fan作为名词还有“风扇”的意思,如:electric fan 电扇。 I also rent VCDs and watch them at home. 我也租一些VCD在家看。 watch “观看、注视”。 e.g. 1) I like to watch TV.我喜欢看电视。 2) Are you going to play or watch?你将参加比赛还是只是去看看?? Why not go out and do some outdoor activities? 为什么不走出去做一些户外运动呢? 这是一个省略句,全句可以说成Why shall we not go out and do some outdoor activities?常在口语中使用,用来征求对方的意见或表达建议。使用这种句子必须要有上下文, e.g. 1)Why not meet at the school gate?我们在校门口见面好吗? 2)Why not run a little faster?为什么不跑快一点呢?go + doing表示“去做某事”go +v-ing结构很常用,多用于体育活动和业余娱乐活动。 e.g. 1)Let’s go fishing next Sunday.下星期天我们去钓鱼吧。 2)Are you going hiking this weekend?这个周末你打算去远足吗????? ?? 另外还有:go hunting 去打猎 go shooting 去射击 go swimming 去游泳 go bathing 去沐浴 go shopping 去购物 go climbing 去爬山And I do a lot of reading. 我通常都是阅读一些书籍。在英语中有不少由“do + doing”的结构,表示“干某事”。 e.g. 散步 do some walking do a lot of walking 读书 do some reading do a lot of reading 洗衣服do some washing do a lot of washing 买东西 do some shopping do a lot of shoppingI’m a movie fan. 我是一个电影迷。 fan(运动、电影等)狂热爱好者。如:a film / football / star fan 同时,fan作为名词还有“风扇”的意思,如:electric fan 电扇。I also rent VCDs and watch them at home. 我也租一些VCD在家看。 watch “观看、注视”。 e.g. 1) I like to watch TV.我喜欢看电视。 2) Are you going to play or watch?你将参加比赛还是只是去看看??Why not go out and do some outdoor activities? 为什么不走出去做一些户外运动呢? 这是一个省略句,全句可以说成Why shall we not go out and do some outdoor activities?常在口语中使用,用来征求对方的意见或表达建议。使用这种句子必须要有上下文, e.g. 1)Why not meet at the school gate?我们在校门口见面好吗? 2)Why not run a little faster?为什么不跑快一点呢?
some“一些、几个”,用在疑问句中, 表示希望得到肯定回答。 e.g. 1)Would you like to give us some good advice?请给我们一些好的建议好吗? 2)Would you like some coffee or tea?请问,你是想喝咖啡还是茶? Maybe I need a change. 或许我需要改变。 maybe “也许、可能、大概”。 e.g. 1)Maybe he will come, maybe he won’t.也许他来,也许他不来。 2)—Is that true?那是真的吗?—Maybe, I am not sure.也许,我也不敢肯定。? My interests are changing all the time. 我的兴趣爱好总是在不断地改变。 all the time“总是、一直”。 e.g. 1)Why are you playing all the time? 你为什么总是玩啊? 2)Look at these monkeys, they are jumping all the time.看看这些猴子,它们一直跳个不停。? some“一些、几个”,用在疑问句中, 表示希望得到肯定回答。 e.g. 1)Would you like to give us some good advice?请给我们一些好的建议好吗? 2)Would you like some coffee or tea?请问,你是想喝咖啡还是茶?Maybe I need a change. 或许我需要改变。 maybe “也许、可能、大概”。 e.g. 1)Maybe he will come, maybe he won’t.也许他来,也许他不来。 2)—Is that true?那是真的吗?—Maybe, I am not sure.也许,我也不敢肯定。?My interests are changing all the time. 我的兴趣爱好总是在不断地改变。 all the time“总是、一直”。 e.g. 1)Why are you playing all the time? 你为什么总是玩啊? 2)Look at these monkeys, they are jumping all the time.看看这些猴子,它们一直跳个不停。?
And I wasn’t interested in sports at all. 我对运动一点兴趣都没有。 not…at all “一点也不……”;“全然不”。 e.g. 1)I didn’t mind it at all. 我一点也不在意。 2)—Thank you for helping me.谢谢你帮助我。—Not at all.没关系。 3)He didn’t know that at all. 他对此事一无所知。 But now, my hobbies are sports, like soccer and swimming. 但是现在我的爱好是体育,比如足球和游泳。 like“像……,好比……”。 e.g. 1)He swims very quickly like a fish.他游泳非常地快,像一条鱼。 2) The cake is round like a moon.这块蛋糕是圆的,就像月亮一样。 I never miss any important soccer games. 我从未错过任何一场重要的足球比赛。 never “未曾、从未”,表示否定。 e.g. 1)I have never met him before.我以前从未见过他。 2) You have never been to the Great Wall, have you?你从未去过长城,是吗? And I wasn’t interested in sports at all. 我对运动一点兴趣都没有。 not…at all “一点也不……”;“全然不”。 e.g. 1)I didn’t mind it at all. 我一点也不在意。 2)—Thank you for helping me.谢谢你帮助我。—Not at all.没关系。 3)He didn’t know that at all. 他对此事一无所知。But now, my hobbies are sports, like soccer and swimming. 但是现在我的爱好是体育,比如足球和游泳。 like“像……,好比……”。 e.g. 1)He swims very quickly like a fish.他游泳非常地快,像一条鱼。 2) The cake is round like a moon.这块蛋糕是圆的,就像月亮一样。 I never miss any important soccer games. 我从未错过任何一场重要的足球比赛。 never “未曾、从未”,表示否定。 e.g. 1)I have never met him before.我以前从未见过他。 2) You have never been to the Great Wall, have you?你从未去过长城,是吗?
I used to know little about paintings. 我过去不太懂绘画。 Little和few都含有否定的意思。表示“不多”;“很少”。little相当于not much, few相当于not many。little与不可数名词连用, few与可数名词复数连用。 e.g. 1)I have little time.我的时间很少。 2) I understood little of his speech.他的话我没有明白多少。 3) Few of the students passed the exam.没有几个学生考试及格。Few people would agree with him.没有多少人同意他。而a little和a few含有肯定的意思,表示“一些”;“几个”(虽然少,但有一些)。 e.g. 1)I know a little French.我多少还懂点儿法语。 2) There’s a little water in the glass.杯子里还有点儿水。 3) Can you stay a few days longer?你能多呆几天吗? 4) I still have a few friends in Beijing.我在北京还有几个朋友。? I used to know little about paintings. 我过去不太懂绘画。 Little和few都含有否定的意思。表示“不多”;“很少”。little相当于not much, few相当于not many。little与不可数名词连用, few与可数名词复数连用。 e.g. 1)I have little time.我的时间很少。 2) I understood little of his speech.他的话我没有明白多少。 3) Few of the students passed the exam.没有几个学生考试及格。Few people would agree with him.没有多少人同意他。而a little和a few含有肯定的意思,表示“一些”;“几个”(虽然少,但有一些)。 e.g. 1)I know a little French.我多少还懂点儿法语。 2) There’s a little water in the glass.杯子里还有点儿水。 3) Can you stay a few days longer?你能多呆几天吗? 4) I still have a few friends in Beijing.我在北京还有几个朋友。?
like, love, enjoy, preferlike, love, enjoy, preferlike意为“喜欢、爱好”,语气较弱,其后可跟名词、代词、不定式、动名词等作宾语。like也常跟复合宾语,宾语补足语常用动词不定式。如: Jack likes playing football.杰克爱踢足球。 love意为“爱,热爱,喜欢”,常指对祖国、亲人及朋友的爱,也可用于事物,强调非常喜欢,具有较强的感情色彩。其后可跟名词、动名词、代词或不定式作宾语。如:Father loves his work.爸爸热爱他的工作。 enjoy意为“喜欢,欣赏”,含有“乐于、享受……之乐趣”之意,其后可以跟名词、代词或动名词作宾语。enjoy oneself表示“玩得愉快”之意。如:The Greens enjoy living in China.格林一家喜欢在中国居住。 prefer意为“宁愿、更喜欢”,常用于两者之间的选择,其后可跟名词、代词、动名词或不定式。prefer…to…表示“宁愿……,不愿……”,“喜欢……而不喜欢……”,其中to为介词,后可跟名词或动名词。如:Which do you prefer, tea or coffee?你比较喜欢喝茶,还是喝咖啡?like意为“喜欢、爱好”,语气较弱,其后可跟名词、代词、不定式、动名词等作宾语。like也常跟复合宾语,宾语补足语常用动词不定式。如: Jack likes playing football.杰克爱踢足球。love意为“爱,热爱,喜欢”,常指对祖国、亲人及朋友的爱,也可用于事物,强调非常喜欢,具有较强的感情色彩。其后可跟名词、动名词、代词或不定式作宾语。如:Father loves his work.爸爸热爱他的工作。enjoy意为“喜欢,欣赏”,含有“乐于、享受……之乐趣”之意,其后可以跟名词、代词或动名词作宾语。enjoy oneself表示“玩得愉快”之意。如:The Greens enjoy living in China.格林一家喜欢在中国居住。prefer意为“宁愿、更喜欢”,常用于两者之间的选择,其后可跟名词、代词、动名词或不定式。prefer…to…表示“宁愿……,不愿……”,“喜欢……而不喜欢……”,其中to为介词,后可跟名词或动名词。如:Which do you prefer, tea or coffee?你比较喜欢喝茶,还是喝咖啡?
Did you use to go swimming during summer vacations? 在暑假里,你过去经常去游泳么? during “在……的期间、在……的时候”。 e.g. 1)The sun gives us light during the daytime.太阳在白天给我们阳光。 2) He called to see me during my absence.当我不在的时候他来访过我。 I used to do that in the pond in front of my house. 我过去常在我家门前的池塘里游泳。 in front of “在……的前面”;指在物体外部的前面。而in the front of “……的前部”;指在物体内部的前面,即前部。注意它们的区别。 试比较:1)There is a tall tree in front of my house.我家房前有一棵大树。 2)Don’t stand in front of me. I can’t see the blackboard.别站在我前面。我都看不见黑板了。 3)The teacher is giving a lesson in the front of the classroom.老师在教室的前面讲课。 4) The driver is sitting in the front of the car.司机坐在汽车的前面。Did you use to go swimming during summer vacations? 在暑假里,你过去经常去游泳么? during “在……的期间、在……的时候”。 e.g. 1)The sun gives us light during the daytime.太阳在白天给我们阳光。 2) He called to see me during my absence.当我不在的时候他来访过我。I used to do that in the pond in front of my house. 我过去常在我家门前的池塘里游泳。 in front of “在……的前面”;指在物体外部的前面。而in the front of “……的前部”;指在物体内部的前面,即前部。注意它们的区别。 试比较:1)There is a tall tree in front of my house.我家房前有一棵大树。 2)Don’t stand in front of me. I can’t see the blackboard.别站在我前面。我都看不见黑板了。 3)The teacher is giving a lesson in the front of the classroom.老师在教室的前面讲课。 4) The driver is sitting in the front of the car.司机坐在汽车的前面。
Nobody. I taught myself. 没有任何人,我自学的。 teach oneself “自学、自修”。teach动词“教授、教……”有些动词后常跟反身代词 e.g. enjoy oneself “过得愉快”, help oneself “随便吃(用)……”。 e.g. 1)She teaches history in our school.她在我们学校教历史。 2)She taught his son English when he was 3 years old.她儿子3岁时,她就教他英语。 3)Did you enjoy yourselves in the party?你们在舞会上玩得愉快吗? 4)Help yourself to some fruit.请随便吃些水果吧。 When they are free, people usually do what they like. 当人们空闲的时候,他们总是做一些自己喜欢的事情。 free “有空、空闲”, be free可以替换为have time。 e.g. 1)Are you free this evening? = Do you have time this evening? 你今天晚上有空吗? 2)If I am free, I am going to visit the museum. = If I have time, I am going to visit the museum.如果有时间,我打算去参观博物馆。 Nobody. I taught myself. 没有任何人,我自学的。 teach oneself “自学、自修”。teach动词“教授、教……”有些动词后常跟反身代词 e.g. enjoy oneself “过得愉快”, help oneself “随便吃(用)……”。 e.g. 1)She teaches history in our school.她在我们学校教历史。 2)She taught his son English when he was 3 years old.她儿子3岁时,她就教他英语。 3)Did you enjoy yourselves in the party?你们在舞会上玩得愉快吗? 4)Help yourself to some fruit.请随便吃些水果吧。When they are free, people usually do what they like. 当人们空闲的时候,他们总是做一些自己喜欢的事情。 free “有空、空闲”, be free可以替换为have time。 e.g. 1)Are you free this evening? = Do you have time this evening? 你今天晚上有空吗? 2)If I am free, I am going to visit the museum. = If I have time, I am going to visit the museum.如果有时间,我打算去参观博物馆。
I call him Pink pig. The color of his skin is light pink. 我叫他粉色,因为他的皮肤是淡粉色的。 light“淡色的、浅色的”,而dark的意思则是“深色的、暗淡的”。 e.g. 1)Which dress do you like, the light one or the dark one?你喜欢哪条裙子,浅色的还是深色的? 2)It is dark now. Let’s go home quickly. 天黑了,咱们快点儿回家吧。 Pink likes to have a bath. Pink喜欢洗澡。 have a bath 洗澡短语 have a bath与动词bathe意思一样,但前者表示在有限的时间里进行某项活动。 如:have a swim 游泳/have a talk谈一谈/have a wash洗一洗/have a ride骑马/have a look看一看/have a rest休息一下I call him Pink pig. The color of his skin is light pink. 我叫他粉色,因为他的皮肤是淡粉色的。 light“淡色的、浅色的”,而dark的意思则是“深色的、暗淡的”。 e.g. 1)Which dress do you like, the light one or the dark one?你喜欢哪条裙子,浅色的还是深色的? 2)It is dark now. Let’s go home quickly. 天黑了,咱们快点儿回家吧。Pink likes to have a bath. Pink喜欢洗澡。 have a bath 洗澡短语 have a bath与动词bathe意思一样,但前者表示在有限的时间里进行某项活动。 如:have a swim 游泳/have a talk谈一谈/have a wash洗一洗/have a ride骑马/have a look看一看/have a rest休息一下
if与whether的区别。 ①二者在引导宾语从句时一般可换用。 e.g. He didn’t understand if / whether the stranger told a lie.他不明白那个陌生人是否说的是假话。 ②但下列几种情况不能换用。 ⑴whether 后可紧接or not,而if一般不能。 e.g. Let me know whether or not you can come.你能来还是不能来,请告诉我一声。 ⑵whether引导的宾语从句可移到主句前,if则不能。 e.g. Whether this is true or not, I can not say.这件事是否真实,我说不上。 ⑶不定式前用whether,不用if。 e.g. I haven’t decided whether to go to the cinema or to stay at home.我还没有决定是看电影还是留在家里。 ⑷介词后可用whether,不用if。 e.g. I haven’t settled the question of whether I’ll go back home.我是否回家还没有定。 if与whether的区别。 ①二者在引导宾语从句时一般可换用。 e.g. He didn’t understand if / whether the stranger told a lie.他不明白那个陌生人是否说的是假话。 ②但下列几种情况不能换用。 ⑴whether 后可紧接or not,而if一般不能。 e.g. Let me know whether or not you can come.你能来还是不能来,请告诉我一声。 ⑵whether引导的宾语从句可移到主句前,if则不能。 e.g. Whether this is true or not, I can not say.这件事是否真实,我说不上。 ⑶不定式前用whether,不用if。 e.g. I haven’t decided whether to go to the cinema or to stay at home.我还没有决定是看电影还是留在家里。 ⑷介词后可用whether,不用if。 e.g. I haven’t settled the question of whether I’ll go back home.我是否回家还没有定。
重点词汇重点词汇pity遗憾 concert 音乐会 violin 小提琴 sweet 悦耳的 continue doing sth. 继续做某事 =go on doing sth. be born 出生 set up 建立 classical music 古典音乐 folk songs 民歌 stage name 艺名 everyday life 日常生活 be famous for 因……而著名 look for 寻找pity遗憾 concert 音乐会 violin 小提琴 sweet 悦耳的continue doing sth. 继续做某事 =go on doing sth. be born 出生 set up 建立classical music 古典音乐 folk songs 民歌 stage name 艺名everyday life 日常生活 be famous for 因……而著名 look for 寻找
二. 重点句型二. 重点句型 And it sounds great! 听起来好极了。 sound 系动词“听起来”,系动词后常与形容词连用。 What kind of musical instrument can you play? 你会弹什么种类的乐器? kind 是“种类,类型”的意思。如:a kind of 一种,all kinds of各种各样, what kind of 什么类型的。 We have guitar, violin, piano and drum lessons for just ¥240 each. 我们有吉他课、小提琴课、钢琴课、和打鼓课,每个课程仅需要240元。 each副词 “各个”,“每个”。 e.g. These books cost a dollar each.这些书每本一美元。 What do you do in your free time? 你在闲暇之际干些什么? in one’s free time “在闲暇之际”。 Classical music is serious music. 古典音乐是一种很严肃的音乐。 serious 形容词“严肃的、认真的”;“严重的”。 e.g. 1)He is a serious worker. 他是一个工作认真的人。 2)“ It’s nothing serious.” says the doctor,“ You’ve got a little cold.”医生说:“没事,就是有点儿感冒。” Pop music often comes and goes easily. 流行音乐来得快去得也快。 come and go easily 可以翻译为“来去匆匆”。 e.g. Money is something that comes and goes easily.钱这东西来得快去得也快。 They are very popular among young people. 它们在年轻人当中很流行。 among 介词“在……当中”,“在……中间”,用于三者或三者以上;而between也是介词“在…当中”,“在……中间”之意,则只能用于两者之间。And it sounds great! 听起来好极了。 sound 系动词“听起来”,系动词后常与形容词连用。What kind of musical instrument can you play? 你会弹什么种类的乐器? kind 是“种类,类型”的意思。如:a kind of 一种,all kinds of各种各样, what kind of 什么类型的。We have guitar, violin, piano and drum lessons for just ¥240 each. 我们有吉他课、小提琴课、钢琴课、和打鼓课,每个课程仅需要240元。 each副词 “各个”,“每个”。 e.g. These books cost a dollar each.这些书每本一美元。What do you do in your free time? 你在闲暇之际干些什么? in one’s free time “在闲暇之际”。Classical music is serious music. 古典音乐是一种很严肃的音乐。 serious 形容词“严肃的、认真的”;“严重的”。 e.g. 1)He is a serious worker. 他是一个工作认真的人。 2)“ It’s nothing serious.” says the doctor,“ You’ve got a little cold.”医生说:“没事,就是有点儿感冒。”Pop music often comes and goes easily. 流行音乐来得快去得也快。 come and go easily 可以翻译为“来去匆匆”。 e.g. Money is something that comes and goes easily.钱这东西来得快去得也快。They are very popular among young people. 它们在年轻人当中很流行。 among 介词“在……当中”,“在……中间”,用于三者或三者以上;而between也是介词“在…当中”,“在……中间”之意,则只能用于两者之间。
be famous for“以……而著名”, “因……而出名”。 e.g. Beijing Library is famous for having a large number of books.北京图书馆以藏书众多而闻名。 It is one of the most famous rock bands in the world. 它是世界上最著名的摇滚乐队之一。 one of “……之一”。常用在“one of + 最高级 +名词复数”结构中。 e.g. Changjiang River is one of the longest rivers in the world.长江是世界上最长的河流之一。 In the fall of 1976, a- 14-year-old high school student, Larry Mullen, looked for some musicians. 在1976年的秋天,一个14岁的中学生,Larry Mullen寻找一些音乐家。 1)fall是美国英语,相当于英国英语的中的autumn。 2)14-year-old 数词和名词之间有连字符的,名词不用复数。 e.g. a three-leg chair 一把三条腿的椅子the tenth five-year plan 第十个五年计划 be famous for“以……而著名”, “因……而出名”。 e.g. Beijing Library is famous for having a large number of books.北京图书馆以藏书众多而闻名。It is one of the most famous rock bands in the world. 它是世界上最著名的摇滚乐队之一。 one of “……之一”。常用在“one of + 最高级 +名词复数”结构中。 e.g. Changjiang River is one of the longest rivers in the world.长江是世界上最长的河流之一。In the fall of 1976, a- 14-year-old high school student, Larry Mullen, looked for some musicians. 在1976年的秋天,一个14岁的中学生,Larry Mullen寻找一些音乐家。 1)fall是美国英语,相当于英国英语的中的autumn。 2)14-year-old 数词和名词之间有连字符的,名词不用复数。 e.g. a three-leg chair 一把三条腿的椅子the tenth five-year plan 第十个五年计划
He wanted to form a band. 他想组建一个乐队。 want to “想做某事”,want to + 动词原形 e.g. I want to be a doctor when I grow up.我长大了想当一名医生。 常用want sb. to do sth.表示“想让某人做某事”。 e.g. He wants me to help him with his lessons.他想让我帮他学习功课。 He found 3 boys and they set up a band. 他找到了3个男孩,他们就组成了一个乐队。 set up 组建,创办。如:set up housekeeping组建家庭 The four members are still close friends after many years. 多年后,4位成员仍然是好朋友。 close “亲密的”。如:a close friend一个亲密的朋友 They continue making music. 他们继续创作音乐。 continue + to do sth./ doing sth./ n.“继续做某事”。如:continue to read/writing/ a story 继续阅读/写作/一个故事 And people all over the world still enjoy their music very much. 全世界的人们仍然非常喜欢他们的音乐。 all over the world 全世界He wanted to form a band. 他想组建一个乐队。 want to “想做某事”,want to + 动词原形 e.g. I want to be a doctor when I grow up.我长大了想当一名医生。 常用want sb. to do sth.表示“想让某人做某事”。 e.g. He wants me to help him with his lessons.他想让我帮他学习功课。He found 3 boys and they set up a band. 他找到了3个男孩,他们就组成了一个乐队。 set up 组建,创办。如:set up housekeeping组建家庭The four members are still close friends after many years. 多年后,4位成员仍然是好朋友。 close “亲密的”。如:a close friend一个亲密的朋友They continue making music. 他们继续创作音乐。 continue + to do sth./ doing sth./ n.“继续做某事”。如:continue to read/writing/ a story 继续阅读/写作/一个故事And people all over the world still enjoy their music very much. 全世界的人们仍然非常喜欢他们的音乐。 all over the world 全世界
When he was eight, his father asked a music teacher to teach him to play the piano. 当他八岁的时候,他的父亲请了一位老师来教授他如何弹奏钢琴。 在这个句子中ask的意思是“请求,要求” ask sb. to do sth.“让某人做某事”。 e.g. I often ask my uncle to help me with my maths.我常请我叔叔帮我学数学。 还有一些其他类似的用法。如:tell sb. to do sth.告诉某人做某事want sb. to do sth.想让某人做某事 teach sb. to do sth.教某人做某事 play the piano弹奏钢琴 在英语中,在表示弹奏、演奏乐器时,所有的乐器前面都要加定冠词the,如:play the guitar弹吉他 play the piano弹钢琴 play the violin拉小提琴 play the drums 敲鼓 而与之相反,在英语中表达玩球类项目时,我们通常在球类项目的名词前不加定冠词。如:play football踢足球 play basketball打篮球play bridge cards打桥牌 play chess下棋 He says violin music is his favorite and it makes him happy. 他说小提琴是他的最爱,使他很快乐。 make +n.+adj.结构。e.g. The news made us very exciting. 这个消息使我们很激动。When he was eight, his father asked a music teacher to teach him to play the piano. 当他八岁的时候,他的父亲请了一位老师来教授他如何弹奏钢琴。 在这个句子中ask的意思是“请求,要求” ask sb. to do sth.“让某人做某事”。 e.g. I often ask my uncle to help me with my maths.我常请我叔叔帮我学数学。还有一些其他类似的用法。如:tell sb. to do sth.告诉某人做某事want sb. to do sth.想让某人做某事 teach sb. to do sth.教某人做某事 play the piano弹奏钢琴在英语中,在表示弹奏、演奏乐器时,所有的乐器前面都要加定冠词the,如:play the guitar弹吉他 play the piano弹钢琴 play the violin拉小提琴 play the drums 敲鼓 而与之相反,在英语中表达玩球类项目时,我们通常在球类项目的名词前不加定冠词。如:play football踢足球 play basketball打篮球play bridge cards打桥牌 play chess下棋He says violin music is his favorite and it makes him happy. 他说小提琴是他的最爱,使他很快乐。 make +n.+adj.结构。e.g. The news made us very exciting. 这个消息使我们很激动。
重点词汇重点词汇nobody无人 museum 博物馆 church教堂 factory工厂 program节目 pleasant令人愉快的 handsome英俊的 agree with sb. 与某人看法一致 take a shower洗澡 answer the phone 接电话 do some cleaning 打扫卫生 knock at 敲 too…to太…..以至于不能 talk about谈论关于 nobody无人 museum 博物馆 church教堂 factory工厂 program节目pleasant令人愉快的 handsome英俊的 agree with sb. 与某人看法一致 take a shower洗澡 answer the phone 接电话 do some cleaning 打扫卫生knock at 敲 too…to太…..以至于不能 talk about谈论关于
重点句型重点句型I called you but nobody answered the phone. 我给你打电话了,但是没有人接。 answer the phone固定词组,可翻译为“接电话”answer的意思是“回答,答复”。 e.g. What shall I answer?我将怎样回答呢? Oh, I was taking a shower. 我在淋浴。 take a shower淋浴,也可以用动词have代替take。 e.g. 洗澡take a bath/ have a bath 休息一下take a rest /have a rest 看一看take a look/have a look 散散步take a walk/have a walk Yeah, I think so. 是,我也这样认为。在think后面可以用so来代替前面的内容,以避免重复。 e.g. — Is he at home? — Yes, I think so. And I also like the young man with light hair. 我也喜欢那个留着浅色头发的年轻人。 with在这里是“有”的意思。如:a coat with two pockets有两个口袋的衣服 a girl with blue eyes碧眼女郎 a woman with an angry look in her eyes眼里有怒色的女子I called you but nobody answered the phone. 我给你打电话了,但是没有人接。 answer the phone固定词组,可翻译为“接电话”answer的意思是“回答,答复”。 e.g. What shall I answer?我将怎样回答呢?Oh, I was taking a shower. 我在淋浴。 take a shower淋浴,也可以用动词have代替take。 e.g. 洗澡take a bath/ have a bath 休息一下take a rest /have a rest 看一看take a look/have a look 散散步take a walk/have a walkYeah, I think so. 是,我也这样认为。在think后面可以用so来代替前面的内容,以避免重复。 e.g. — Is he at home? — Yes, I think so. And I also like the young man with light hair. 我也喜欢那个留着浅色头发的年轻人。 with在这里是“有”的意思。如:a coat with two pockets有两个口袋的衣服 a girl with blue eyes碧眼女郎 a woman with an angry look in her eyes眼里有怒色的女子
He is so handsome! 他非常帅! so在口语中,与加重语气的感叹句连用,作very解。 e.g. I’m so glad to see you!我很高兴见到你! I agree with you. 我同意你的意见。 agree with sb.同意某人的看法。 e.g. I don’t agree with her.我不同意她的意见。 You look very sad. 你看起来很伤心。 look系动词,可以翻译为“看起来”。look做系动词,后面可以接形容词、动词的过去分词、名词、介词短语以及as if从句做表语。 e.g. Tom looks very strong.?汤姆看起来非常的强壮。(形容词做表语) Amy looks a fool.?埃米看起来像一个傻瓜。(名词做表语) You look like your mother.?你看起来很像你的母亲。(介词短语做表语) It looks as if we’re going to win this game.?看起来似乎我们要赢得这场比赛。(从句做表语) There’s nothing serious. 没什么严重的事。 nothing serious “没事”。注意此结构的用法。用来修饰代词something, anything, nothing, somebody, anybody, nobody等的形容词,要放在被修饰词的后面。 e.g. Would you like anything else?你还要点儿什么吗? He is so handsome! 他非常帅! so在口语中,与加重语气的感叹句连用,作very解。 e.g. I’m so glad to see you!我很高兴见到你!I agree with you. 我同意你的意见。 agree with sb.同意某人的看法。 e.g. I don’t agree with her.我不同意她的意见。You look very sad. 你看起来很伤心。 look系动词,可以翻译为“看起来”。look做系动词,后面可以接形容词、动词的过去分词、名词、介词短语以及as if从句做表语。 e.g. Tom looks very strong.?汤姆看起来非常的强壮。(形容词做表语) Amy looks a fool.?埃米看起来像一个傻瓜。(名词做表语) You look like your mother.?你看起来很像你的母亲。(介词短语做表语) It looks as if we’re going to win this game.?看起来似乎我们要赢得这场比赛。(从句做表语)There’s nothing serious. 没什么严重的事。 nothing serious “没事”。注意此结构的用法。用来修饰代词something, anything, nothing, somebody, anybody, nobody等的形容词,要放在被修饰词的后面。 e.g. Would you like anything else?你还要点儿什么吗?
Well, Miss Wang was angry with me. 王老师生我的气了。 be angry 后所跟的介词:be angry with + sb.生某人的气 be angry at + sb. 对某人的言行气愤 be angry about + sth. 对某事生气 In the early 1800s, Sunday was the “holy day”. 在19世纪早期,星期日的含义就是“神圣的一天”。 1800s表示19世纪,同样的,1900s则表示20世纪。 In the US, workers called them “blue Mondays” .在美国,工人们把它们叫做“蓝色星期一”。 英语的blue常用来喻指人的“情绪低落”、“心情沮丧”、“忧愁若闷”, e.g. 1)They felt rather blue after the failure in the football game.球赛踢输了,他们感到有些沮丧。 2)—She looks blue today.What’s the matter with her?—She’s in holiday blue.—她今天显得闷闷不乐,出了什么事?—她得了假期忧郁症。? Then decide how you are going to spend your weekend. 然后决定你的周末怎么过。 spend度过;花费(时间、金钱)。结构有:spend…on sth. // spend…(in)doing sth Did you have a good time? 你们玩得高兴吗? have a good time = enjoy oneself过得愉快;玩得高兴。 类似的说法还有have a great time, have a nice time, have a wonderful time。 Well, Miss Wang was angry with me. 王老师生我的气了。 be angry 后所跟的介词:be angry with + sb.生某人的气 be angry at + sb. 对某人的言行气愤 be angry about + sth. 对某事生气 In the early 1800s, Sunday was the “holy day”. 在19世纪早期,星期日的含义就是“神圣的一天”。 1800s表示19世纪,同样的,1900s则表示20世纪。In the US, workers called them “blue Mondays” .在美国,工人们把它们叫做“蓝色星期一”。 英语的blue常用来喻指人的“情绪低落”、“心情沮丧”、“忧愁若闷”, e.g. 1)They felt rather blue after the failure in the football game.球赛踢输了,他们感到有些沮丧。 2)—She looks blue today.What’s the matter with her?—She’s in holiday blue.—她今天显得闷闷不乐,出了什么事?—她得了假期忧郁症。?Then decide how you are going to spend your weekend. 然后决定你的周末怎么过。 spend度过;花费(时间、金钱)。结构有:spend…on sth. // spend…(in)doing sthDid you have a good time? 你们玩得高兴吗?have a good time = enjoy oneself过得愉快;玩得高兴。 类似的说法还有have a great time, have a nice time, have a wonderful time。
一.重点词语 share…with 与……共享 play with 玩弄,玩耍 in danger 在危险之中 feed on 以……为食 think about 考虑,思考 enjoy nature 享受自然 at night 晚上 in the daytime 白天 summer vacation 暑假 thousands of 成千上万 in fact 事实上 find out 查明,发现 in nature 在自然界一.重点词语share…with 与……共享 play with 玩弄,玩耍in danger 在危险之中 feed on 以……为食think about 考虑,思考 enjoy nature 享受自然at night 晚上 in the daytime 白天summer vacation 暑假 thousands of 成千上万in fact 事实上 find out 查明,发现in nature 在自然界
重点词语 take the place of 代替,取代 instead of 代替,而不是…… mistake…for…把……错当 seem to do 好象,似乎 call for 要求 wake sb. up 将某人叫醒 see sb.doing sth. 看见某人正在做某事 use sth. for sth./doing sth. 利用某物做某事 spend…on… 在……上花费时间或金钱 be sure of 确信 these days 现在,目前 look up 查阅 pay attention to 注意,专心 begin with 以……开始 and so on 等等 switch on 开(电灯,机器等) ask (sb.)for sth. 向……要……重点词语take the place of 代替,取代 instead of 代替,而不是……mistake…for…把……错当 seem to do 好象,似乎call for 要求 wake sb. up 将某人叫醒see sb.doing sth. 看见某人正在做某事use sth. for sth./doing sth. 利用某物做某事spend…on… 在……上花费时间或金钱 be sure of 确信these days 现在,目前 look up 查阅 pay attention to 注意,专心begin with 以……开始 and so on 等等switch on 开(电灯,机器等) ask (sb.)for sth. 向……要……
more than 超过 pull down 推倒,拆毁 heavy traffic 交通繁忙 wear out 磨损,用坏 used to do sth. 过去常常做某事 do one’s best 尽(某人)最大努力 live models 真人模型 the ancient world 古代 be made up of 由……组成=be consisted of join…together 把……连在一起 regard…as… 把……看作=treat…as… be worn out 被损坏more than 超过 pull down 推倒,拆毁heavy traffic 交通繁忙 wear out 磨损,用坏 used to do sth. 过去常常做某事 do one’s best 尽(某人)最大努力live models 真人模型 the ancient world 古代be made up of 由……组成=be consisted of join…together 把……连在一起regard…as… 把……看作=treat…as… be worn out 被损坏
反意疑问句: 一般对应规律:前肯后否;前否后肯。即陈述部分为肯定形式,附加问句用否定形式;陈述部分为否定形式,附加问句用肯定形式。 e.g. There are many pyramids in Egypt, aren’t there?在埃及有许多金字塔,不是吗? 特例点拨: ①I’m your good friend, aren’t I?我是你的好朋友,不是吗? I don’t think you can rebuild the house, can you?我认为你不能重修这座房子,是吗?(I don’t think…主要在说think后的内容,故按从句变化)。 ②陈述部分有nobody,nothing,never,no,few(没几个),little(几乎没有),hardly(几乎不)等否定或半否定词时,仍视为否定句。根据反意疑问句对应规律,疑问部分用肯定形式。 如:There is nothing in the room, is there?屋子里什么也没有,是吗? Maria never surports me, does she? 玛丽亚从未支持过我,是吗? ③祈使句的反意疑问句:无论肯定或否定,通常在祈使句后加上will you? e.g. Please close the door, will you?请关门好吗? Don’t tear down the old walls, will you?不要拆毁古墙,好吗? ④但以Let’s开头的祈使句用shall we? e.g. let’s make a survey, shall we?我们做个调查,好吗?反意疑问句: 一般对应规律:前肯后否;前否后肯。即陈述部分为肯定形式,附加问句用否定形式;陈述部分为否定形式,附加问句用肯定形式。 e.g. There are many pyramids in Egypt, aren’t there?在埃及有许多金字塔,不是吗?特例点拨:①I’m your good friend, aren’t I?我是你的好朋友,不是吗? I don’t think you can rebuild the house, can you?我认为你不能重修这座房子,是吗?(I don’t think…主要在说think后的内容,故按从句变化)。②陈述部分有nobody,nothing,never,no,few(没几个),little(几乎没有),hardly(几乎不)等否定或半否定词时,仍视为否定句。根据反意疑问句对应规律,疑问部分用肯定形式。 如:There is nothing in the room, is there?屋子里什么也没有,是吗? Maria never surports me, does she? 玛丽亚从未支持过我,是吗?③祈使句的反意疑问句:无论肯定或否定,通常在祈使句后加上will you? e.g. Please close the door, will you?请关门好吗? Don’t tear down the old walls, will you?不要拆毁古墙,好吗? ④但以Let’s开头的祈使句用shall we? e.g. let’s make a survey, shall we?我们做个调查,好吗?
How are you doing?=How are you? 你好吗? invite sb. to do sth= ask sb. to do邀请某人做某事 prepare for sth准备某事(准备时间较长思想上的准备):prepare for the exam prepare sth for sb.为某人准备…:prepare food for Lily prepare to do sh准备做…:I prepare to go hiking. say sth. to sb.对某人说….: say thanks/hello/goodbye to Peter 系动词+adj. 系表结构 ① be (am/is/are/was/were) ② 感官v. (feel, look, sound, taste品尝,smell闻、嗅) ③ 四变化(turn/become/go/ get) *turn侧指颜色变化 ④ keep, make Why all the smiling faces?=Why do all of you have smiling faces? I went to buy tickets, but there was none left. (leave-left-left) =I went to buy tickets, but there were no tickets left. *注:none 后不能直接加n. all—none; both—neither.How are you doing?=How are you? 你好吗?invite sb. to do sth= ask sb. to do邀请某人做某事prepare for sth准备某事(准备时间较长思想上的准备):prepare for the exam prepare sth for sb.为某人准备…:prepare food for Lily prepare to do sh准备做…:I prepare to go hiking.say sth. to sb.对某人说….: say thanks/hello/goodbye to Peter系动词+adj. 系表结构 ① be (am/is/are/was/were) ② 感官v. (feel, look, sound, taste品尝,smell闻、嗅) ③ 四变化(turn/become/go/ get) *turn侧指颜色变化 ④ keep, makeWhy all the smiling faces?=Why do all of you have smiling faces?I went to buy tickets, but there was none left. (leave-left-left) =I went to buy tickets, but there were no tickets left. *注:none 后不能直接加n. all—none; both—neither.
a ticket to/for…一张…的票 the answer to the question问题的答案 the key to the door/car/bike/… a way to…一种…的方式 be proud of自豪,骄傲 e.g. The teacher is proud of his student. 人+be pleased with+物 e.g. Jim is pleased with his new bike. 物+be popular with+人 …受某人的的欢迎 be nervous about; be surprised at; be excited about/at sth set the table for sb.为某人摆餐具 e.g. I’m setting the table for guests. I hope everything goes well. 我希望一切顺利。 be able to do能够—侧指通过努力能够实现的(*will be able to) can—侧指人所具有的一种能力 ring up sb. = call sb. = phone sb. =give sb. a call打电话a ticket to/for…一张…的票 the answer to the question问题的答案 the key to the door/car/bike/… a way to…一种…的方式be proud of自豪,骄傲 e.g. The teacher is proud of his student. 人+be pleased with+物 e.g. Jim is pleased with his new bike. 物+be popular with+人 …受某人的的欢迎 be nervous about; be surprised at; be excited about/at sth set the table for sb.为某人摆餐具 e.g. I’m setting the table for guests.I hope everything goes well. 我希望一切顺利。be able to do能够—侧指通过努力能够实现的(*will be able to) can—侧指人所具有的一种能力ring up sb. = call sb. = phone sb. =give sb. a call打电话
be sorry for sb. e.g. I am sorry for you. be sorry about sth e.g. I am sorry about your illness. be sorry to do sth e.g. I am sorry to hear that. be sorry that+从句 e.g. I’m sorry that he lost the game. one of +the +adj最高级+N复+V单:“其中最…之一” e.g. It is one of the most interesting books. lonely—“孤单、寂寞”,强调精神上的孤单、寂寞,但未必一个人 alone—“单独”,强调一个人独处,但精神上未必寂寞。 I can’t go to the party because of the weather. because + 句子:I can’t go to the party because it rains heavily. teach sb. sth: Lily teaches us English. teach sb. to do sth: Lily teaches me to draw pictures. perform short and because of + n./短语: funny plays cheer up使振作精神 What…for=Why为什么 e.g. What did he go to Beijing for?=Why did he go to Beijing? in the end=at last=finally最后 at the end of…在…的结尾be sorry for sb. e.g. I am sorry for you. be sorry about sth e.g. I am sorry about your illness. be sorry to do sth e.g. I am sorry to hear that. be sorry that+从句 e.g. I’m sorry that he lost the game.one of +the +adj最高级+N复+V单:“其中最…之一” e.g. It is one of the most interesting books.lonely—“孤单、寂寞”,强调精神上的孤单、寂寞,但未必一个人 alone—“单独”,强调一个人独处,但精神上未必寂寞。I can’t go to the party because of the weather. because + 句子:I can’t go to the party because it rains heavily.teach sb. sth: Lily teaches us English. teach sb. to do sth: Lily teaches me to draw pictures. perform short and because of + n./短语: funny playscheer up使振作精神What…for=Why为什么 e.g. What did he go to Beijing for?=Why did he go to Beijing?in the end=at last=finally最后 at the end of…在…的结尾
be on:强调状态 e.g. The film was on for ten minutes. 上演 put on:强调动作 e.g. A new film will put on this evening. tell a story/joke/lie讲故事/讲笑话/说谎 on the night of April 14th on a cold morning on the/one’s way to…在…的路上 on the/one’s way home fall into the sea掉入大海 live together happily幸福地生活在一起 go mad发疯 Beijing Opera is our national opera with around 200 years of history.京剧是我们的国剧,已有着大约200年的历史了。 come into being形成 be full of=be filled with装满,充满 e.g. The cup is full of/filled with water. make peace with sb.与某人和解 end with以…结束 start/begin with以…开始 be on:强调状态 e.g. The film was on for ten minutes. 上演 put on:强调动作 e.g. A new film will put on this evening.tell a story/joke/lie讲故事/讲笑话/说谎on the night of April 14th on a cold morning on the/one’s way to…在…的路上 on the/one’s way homefall into the sea掉入大海live together happily幸福地生活在一起go mad发疯Beijing Opera is our national opera with around 200 years of history.京剧是我们的国剧,已有着大约200年的历史了。come into being形成be full of=be filled with装满,充满 e.g. The cup is full of/filled with water.make peace with sb.与某人和解end with以…结束 start/begin with以…开始
It seems/ed that he is/was ill. seem的用法 +to do:He seems/ed to be ill. +Adj.:He seems/ed ill. do badly/well in=be bad/good at在某方面做得好/不好 She has no friends to talk with.她没有可以交谈的朋友。 have a talk with sb.=talk to/with sb.与某人交谈 be worried about (adj.)=worry about (v.)担心… these days=recently最近 send sth to sb.=send sb. sth把某物寄给某人 Take it easy.别着急!/别紧张! I want to be your friend.我想成为你的朋友。 I want to make friends with you.我想和你交朋友。 try to do 努力做某事 be lost丢失,迷路 e.g. My penis lost. The girl is lost. How are you feeling today?你今天感觉如何? fail/pass the exam考试不及格/通过考试 Everyone gets these feelings at your age. at one’s age在某人几岁时 at the age of在…岁时 in one’s teens在某人十几岁时 make sb./sth+ do/adj使某人做某事/处在…状态 have unhappy feelings有不开心的感觉(feeling可数n.)It seems/ed that he is/was ill.seem的用法 +to do:He seems/ed to be ill. +Adj.:He seems/ed ill.do badly/well in=be bad/good at在某方面做得好/不好She has no friends to talk with.她没有可以交谈的朋友。have a talk with sb.=talk to/with sb.与某人交谈be worried about (adj.)=worry about (v.)担心…these days=recently最近send sth to sb.=send sb. sth把某物寄给某人Take it easy.别着急!/别紧张!I want to be your friend.我想成为你的朋友。I want to make friends with you.我想和你交朋友。try to do 努力做某事be lost丢失,迷路 e.g. My penis lost. The girl is lost.How are you feeling today?你今天感觉如何? fail/pass the exam考试不及格/通过考试Everyone gets these feelings at your age. at one’s age在某人几岁时 at the age of在…岁时 in one’s teens在某人十几岁时make sb./sth+ do/adj使某人做某事/处在…状态have unhappy feelings有不开心的感觉(feeling可数n.)
give sb. suggestions/advice给某人建议 sth. happen to sb.某人出了某事(常用一般过去时) e.g. An accident happened to Li Ping. What happened to you? call sb. at+号码 打… 号码找某人 e.g. call Mr. Wang at 2287904 too much+不可数n. much too+adj. too many+可数n. How time flies! 时间飞逝! stay with sb.和某人呆在一起 move to sw.搬到某地 get/be used to sth/doing习惯做某事 used to do过去常常做… what’s more而且 fit in适应 give my best wishes to your parents代我向你的父母问好 A+ be+ as+ adj.原级+ as+ B: Helen is as tall as Maria. A+ be+ not + as/so+ adj原级+ as + B: Helen isn’t as tall as Maria. A+ V+ as+ adv原级+as + B: Helen runs as quickly as Maria. A+ don’t/doesn’t/didn’t+ V原+ as/so+ adv.原级+as + B: Helen doesn’t sing as well as Maria. 注:①无论是肯定结构as…as…还是否定结构not as/so…as..,中间都用adj/adv原级。 ②谓语若是be,则用adj.原级;谓语若是v.,则用adv.原级。 speak in public在公共场所说话give sb. suggestions/advice给某人建议sth. happen to sb.某人出了某事(常用一般过去时) e.g. An accident happened to Li Ping. What happened to you?call sb. at+号码 打… 号码找某人 e.g. call Mr. Wang at 2287904too much+不可数n. much too+adj. too many+可数n.How time flies! 时间飞逝!stay with sb.和某人呆在一起move to sw.搬到某地get/be used to sth/doing习惯做某事 used to do过去常常做…what’s more而且 fit in适应give my best wishes to your parents代我向你的父母问好A+ be+ as+ adj.原级+ as+ B: Helen is as tall as Maria. A+ be+ not + as/so+ adj原级+ as + B: Helen isn’t as tall as Maria. A+ V+ as+ adv原级+as + B: Helen runs as quickly as Maria. A+ don’t/doesn’t/didn’t+ V原+ as/so+ adv.原级+as + B: Helen doesn’t sing as well as Maria. 注:①无论是肯定结构as…as…还是否定结构not as/so…as..,中间都用adj/adv原级。 ②谓语若是be,则用adj.原级;谓语若是v.,则用adv.原级。speak in public在公共场所说话
fall asleep入睡 make faces做鬼脸 What does Jeff do with his sadness?=How does Jeff deal with his sadness?杰夫如何处理他的伤心事? solve problems解决问题 learn sth from sb. learn to do learn +that从句 be killed in 在…中丧身 e.g. He was killed in the accident. refuse to do拒绝做某事 even though=even if尽管,即使 take a walk=go for a walk散步 calm down冷静 go out外出 no longer=not…any longer(多用于延续性v.) e.g. You won’t live in Fuzhou any longer.=You will no longer live in Fuzhou no more=not…any more(多用于短暂性v.) e.g. You won’t see him any more.=You will see him no more.fall asleep入睡 make faces做鬼脸What does Jeff do with his sadness?=How does Jeff deal with his sadness?杰夫如何处理他的伤心事?solve problems解决问题learn sth from sb. learn to do learn +that从句be killed in 在…中丧身 e.g. He was killed in the accident.refuse to do拒绝做某事 even though=even if尽管,即使take a walk=go for a walk散步 calm down冷静 go out外出no longer=not…any longer(多用于延续性v.) e.g. You won’t live in Fuzhou any longer.=You will no longer live in Fuzhouno more=not…any more(多用于短暂性v.) e.g. You won’t see him any more.=You will see him no more.
die(v.)—dead(adj.)—death(n.)—dying How long have you felt like this?=How long have you been like this? —I have felt/been like this for two days. must be—-肯定推测;can’t be—否定推测 e.g. The boy must be Jim. This book can’t be Jim’s. hate to do =hate doing讨厌做某事 follow one’s advice遵从某人的建议 get well=become well 康复 take turns to do轮流做某事:We take turns to sing songs. in turn轮流:We sing songs in turn. It’s one’s turn to do轮到某人做某事:It’s my turn to clean a room. study/learn (sth) by oneself=teach oneself (sth) 自学(某事) That’s very nice of you.你真好!(of表人的性格、品质)die(v.)—dead(adj.)—death(n.)—dyingHow long have you felt like this?=How long have you been like this?—I have felt/been like this for two days.must be—-肯定推测;can’t be—否定推测 e.g. The boy must be Jim. This book can’t be Jim’s.hate to do =hate doing讨厌做某事follow one’s advice遵从某人的建议 get well=become well 康复take turns to do轮流做某事:We take turns to sing songs. in turn轮流:We sing songs in turn. It’s one’s turn to do轮到某人做某事:It’s my turn to clean a room.study/learn (sth) by oneself=teach oneself (sth) 自学(某事)That’s very nice of you.你真好!(of表人的性格、品质)
It’s +adj.+ for sb. + to do: It’s important for me to study well. It’s +adj. + of sb. + to do: It’s nice of you to help me. 注:若adj.用来修饰人的性格、品质,则用of,若adj.用来修饰to do,则用for。 help sb. with sth.=help sb.(to) do sth帮助某人做某事 e.g. I help Jim with English.=I help Jim to study English. affect one’s feelings影响某人的心情 心情好:be in a good mood/be in good spirits/feel one’s best 心情不好:be in a bad mood/be in low spirits 情绪高涨:be in high spirits be in good/bad health身体好/不好 smile at life 笑对生活 laugh at sb.嘲笑某人 give a surprise to sb. 给某人一个惊喜 in surprise惊奇地 to one’s surprise令某人惊喜的是It’s +adj.+ for sb. + to do: It’s important for me to study well. It’s +adj. + of sb. + to do: It’s nice of you to help me. 注:若adj.用来修饰人的性格、品质,则用of,若adj.用来修饰to do,则用for。help sb. with sth.=help sb.(to) do sth帮助某人做某事 e.g. I help Jim with English.=I help Jim to study English.affect one’s feelings影响某人的心情 心情好:be in a good mood/be in good spirits/feel one’s best 心情不好:be in a bad mood/be in low spirits 情绪高涨:be in high spiritsbe in good/bad health身体好/不好smile at life 笑对生活 laugh at sb.嘲笑某人give a surprise to sb. 给某人一个惊喜 in surprise惊奇地 to one’s surprise令某人惊喜的是
let sb. (not) do让某人(别)做某事= make sb. (not) do make sb. + n. 使某人成为… e.g. make you monitor on the/one’s way to+地点“在去…的路上” e.g. on the way to school on one’s/the way home在回家的路上 get along/on (well) with sb.与某人相处(融洽) give a speech演讲 be ill in bed卧病在床=stay in bed e.g. Li Ming is ill in bed. on Mid-autumn Festival在中秋节 on rainy days在下雨天里 on the morning of March 3rd on a cold evening get together with sb.与某人团聚 too+ adj./adv. + to…= so +adj./adv.+ that+句子“太…而无法…” e.g. It’s too noisy for me to fall asleep.=It’s so noisy that I can’t fall asleep. the color of nature自然色 try out试验 try on试穿 be important to sb.对某人来说是重要的 be important for sb. to do sth对某人来说做某事是重要的let sb. (not) do让某人(别)做某事= make sb. (not) domake sb. + n. 使某人成为… e.g. make you monitoron the/one’s way to+地点“在去…的路上” e.g. on the way to school on one’s/the way home在回家的路上get along/on (well) with sb.与某人相处(融洽)give a speech演讲be ill in bed卧病在床=stay in bed e.g. Li Ming is ill in bed.on Mid-autumn Festival在中秋节 on rainy days在下雨天里 on the morning of March 3rd on a cold eveningget together with sb.与某人团聚too+ adj./adv. + to…= so +adj./adv.+ that+句子“太…而无法…” e.g. It’s too noisy for me to fall asleep.=It’s so noisy that I can’t fall asleep.the color of nature自然色try out试验 try on试穿be important to sb.对某人来说是重要的 be important for sb. to do sth对某人来说做某事是重要的
stay + adj. e.g. We should stay healthy. 介词短语 e.g. We should stay in good spirits. 注:keep+adj., 但keep 不能加介词短语 remember to do 记得去做某事(事情还没做) remember doing 记得曾做过某事(事情已做了) get sth for sb.=get sb. sth 给某人买/拿某物 get sth from sb.从某人那收到…. get sb. to do使某人做某事:I get you to clean the room. make a decision (to do)=decide (to do)决定做某事 get back to sth回到某事上,重返 e.g. get back to daily activities a sense of+ n. 一种…的感觉 e.g. a sense of happiness/duty/safety stay + adj. e.g. We should stay healthy. 介词短语 e.g. We should stay in good spirits. 注:keep+adj., 但keep 不能加介词短语remember to do 记得去做某事(事情还没做) remember doing 记得曾做过某事(事情已做了)get sth for sb.=get sb. sth 给某人买/拿某物 get sth from sb.从某人那收到…. get sb. to do使某人做某事:I get you to clean the room.make a decision (to do)=decide (to do)决定做某事get back to sth回到某事上,重返 e.g. get back to daily activitiesa sense of+ n. 一种…的感觉 e.g. a sense of happiness/duty/safety
queen(对应词) king comfortable(名词) comfort safely (形容词) safe (名词) safety go on a visit to 去……旅行 make the decision 做决定 bring back 带回 go on a field trip 去野外旅行 decide on (upon) sth 对某事做出决定 see the sunrise 看日出 make a reservation 预订 come up with 想出(主意) look forward to (doing) sth 期望 pay for 支付;赔偿 raise money 筹钱 book a ticket 订票 make a room for sb 为……订房间 have a wonderful time 玩得愉快 in the daytime 在白天 a two-day visit 为期两天的旅行 find out 查出 some places of interest 名胜 rooms with bathtub 带浴室的房间 a hard (soft) sleeper 硬(软)卧 my pleasure 不客气 queen(对应词) king comfortable(名词) comfort safely (形容词) safe (名词) safety go on a visit to 去……旅行 make the decision 做决定 bring back 带回go on a field trip 去野外旅行 decide on (upon) sth 对某事做出决定 see the sunrise 看日出 make a reservation 预订 come up with 想出(主意) look forward to (doing) sth 期望 pay for 支付;赔偿 raise money 筹钱 book a ticket 订票 make a room for sb 为……订房间 have a wonderful time 玩得愉快 in the daytime 在白天 a two-day visit 为期两天的旅行 find out 查出 some places of interest 名胜 rooms with bathtub 带浴室的房间 a hard (soft) sleeper 硬(软)卧 my pleasure 不客气
I have some exciting news to tell you. 我有一些激动人心的消息要告诉你们。 to tell you 是动词不定式短语, 作定语。动词不定式作定语时常放在被修饰的名词或代词之后 e.g. I have nothing to talk about. He has a lot of work to do. Sounds great!= It sounds great! 听起来不错。 We will go on a two-day visit to Mount Tai. 我们将要去泰山玩两天。 go on a visit to 去参观/旅游 e.g. They went to a visit to Egypt last year. 类似有:go on a trip / go on a picnic a two-day visit 为期两天的旅行 a two-month holiday 两个月的假期 an eighteen-year-old boy 一个18岁的男孩 It’s hard to say. 这很难说。 To say 是动词不定式作主语,It 是形式主语。 e.g. It’s nice to meet you. I’ll ask the airline on the phone. 我将打电话问问航空公司。 同义句是: I’ll phone and ask the airline. Bring back your information to class tomorrow and we’ll decide on the best way to go on our field trip. 明天把你们查到的信息带到班上来,然后我们来决定最好的郊游方式。 bring back 带回。Please bring back your library books tomorrow. decide on/upon sth 决定,选定 We’re trying to decide on a school. I have some exciting news to tell you. 我有一些激动人心的消息要告诉你们。 to tell you 是动词不定式短语, 作定语。动词不定式作定语时常放在被修饰的名词或代词之后 e.g. I have nothing to talk about. He has a lot of work to do. Sounds great!= It sounds great! 听起来不错。 We will go on a two-day visit to Mount Tai. 我们将要去泰山玩两天。 go on a visit to 去参观/旅游 e.g. They went to a visit to Egypt last year. 类似有:go on a trip / go on a picnic a two-day visit 为期两天的旅行 a two-month holiday 两个月的假期 an eighteen-year-old boy 一个18岁的男孩 It’s hard to say. 这很难说。 To say 是动词不定式作主语,It 是形式主语。 e.g. It’s nice to meet you. I’ll ask the airline on the phone. 我将打电话问问航空公司。 同义句是: I’ll phone and ask the airline. Bring back your information to class tomorrow and we’ll decide on the best way to go on our field trip. 明天把你们查到的信息带到班上来,然后我们来决定最好的郊游方式。 bring back 带回。Please bring back your library books tomorrow. decide on/upon sth 决定,选定 We’re trying to decide on a school.
It’s too far for cycling. 骑自行车去路太远了。 同义句是:It’ too far to cycle there. How long does it take to reach Mount Tai by…?乘……去泰山要花多长时间? How much does it cost to go there ?去那里要花多少钱? How much does a standard room cost ? 一个标准间的价格是多少? We have tickets at 120 yuan for the hard sleeper and 180 yuan for the soft sleeper. 我们的票价是硬卧120元,软卧是180元。 at 意为“以……”,一般用于表示价格,年龄,速度等词的前面,for 意为“供,适合于”。 I’ve got tickets at 80 yuan for The Sound of Music. I’d like to book 20 tickets for the hard sleeper. 我要预订20张硬卧票。 20 tickets for the hard sleeper= 20 hard sleeper tickets book tickets 预订票 book a room for sb/sth 为……预订房间 e.g. We want to book some rooms for 14th. 我们想预订一些14号的房间。 Please pay for the tickets before 5:30 p.m. 请在下午5:30之前付款。 Pay for 支付 pay for sb to do sth 付钱给某人做某事 e.g. Her parents paid for her to go to America.她的父母支付她去美国的费用. It’s too far for cycling. 骑自行车去路太远了。 同义句是:It’ too far to cycle there. How long does it take to reach Mount Tai by…?乘……去泰山要花多长时间? How much does it cost to go there ?去那里要花多少钱? How much does a standard room cost ? 一个标准间的价格是多少? We have tickets at 120 yuan for the hard sleeper and 180 yuan for the soft sleeper. 我们的票价是硬卧120元,软卧是180元。 at 意为“以……”,一般用于表示价格,年龄,速度等词的前面,for 意为“供,适合于”。 I’ve got tickets at 80 yuan for The Sound of Music. I’d like to book 20 tickets for the hard sleeper. 我要预订20张硬卧票。 20 tickets for the hard sleeper= 20 hard sleeper tickets book tickets 预订票 book a room for sb/sth 为……预订房间 e.g. We want to book some rooms for 14th. 我们想预订一些14号的房间。 Please pay for the tickets before 5:30 p.m. 请在下午5:30之前付款。 Pay for 支付 pay for sb to do sth 付钱给某人做某事 e.g. Her parents paid for her to go to America.她的父母支付她去美国的费用.
explore(名词) explorer east (形容词) eastern north(形容词) northern push (反义词) pull sadly(形容词) sad (名词) sadness crowd (形容词) crowded make a plan 拟定计划 make sure 确信,确保 =be sure of come along with 和……一起来 at the foot of 在……的脚下 be surprised at 对……感到惊奇 be satisfied with 对……感到满意 out of sight 看不见 step on one’s toes 踩着某人的脚 can’t help doing sth 忍不住做某事 spread over 分布于 rush out 冲出去 raise one’s head 抬头 ask sb for help 向某人求助 thank goodness 谢天谢地explore(名词) explorer east (形容词) eastern north(形容词) northern push (反义词) pull sadly(形容词) sad (名词) sadness crowd (形容词) crowded make a plan 拟定计划 make sure 确信,确保 =be sure of come along with 和……一起来 at the foot of 在……的脚下 be surprised at 对……感到惊奇 be satisfied with 对……感到满意 out of sight 看不见 step on one’s toes 踩着某人的脚 can’t help doing sth 忍不住做某事 spread over 分布于 rush out 冲出去 raise one’s head 抬头 ask sb for help 向某人求助 thank goodness 谢天谢地
While you were enjoying your trip, I was busy preparing for my exams.当你在旅行时, 我正忙于准备考试。 (1)be busy doing sth,/ be busy with sth 忙于做某事 e.g. I’m busy preparing for my birthday party these days. (2)while 当……时候,引导时间状语从句。当一个动作在正在进行时,另一个动作也同时进行。 e.g. While my mother was cooking , I was watching TV. Would you help me plan a trip ? 请你帮我定个旅行计划好吗? Would you 比will you 语气更加客气,委婉, 类似还有could you Could you come along with us ? They surveyed the area to make sure their tombs faced south and had mountains at the back. 他们仔细勘测了整个区域,确保这些陵墓是坐北朝南,而且在背后有群山环绕。 make sure 确信,确保 e.g. Make sure all the windows are closed before you leave. It’s about two and a half hours by bike. 骑自行车大约要2个半小时。 Two and a half hours = two hours and a half While you were enjoying your trip, I was busy preparing for my exams.当你在旅行时, 我正忙于准备考试。 (1)be busy doing sth,/ be busy with sth 忙于做某事 e.g. I’m busy preparing for my birthday party these days. (2)while 当……时候,引导时间状语从句。当一个动作在正在进行时,另一个动作也同时进行。 e.g. While my mother was cooking , I was watching TV. Would you help me plan a trip ? 请你帮我定个旅行计划好吗? Would you 比will you 语气更加客气,委婉, 类似还有could you Could you come along with us ? They surveyed the area to make sure their tombs faced south and had mountains at the back. 他们仔细勘测了整个区域,确保这些陵墓是坐北朝南,而且在背后有群山环绕。 make sure 确信,确保 e.g. Make sure all the windows are closed before you leave. It’s about two and a half hours by bike. 骑自行车大约要2个半小时。 Two and a half hours = two hours and a half
It’s to the east of Yongling. 它在永陵的东面。 to the +方位词+of (表示互不接壤) Japan is to the east of China. on the +方位词+of (表示相互接壤)Fujian is on the south of Zhejang . in the +方位词+of 表示在某一范围内的地区 Beijing is in the north of China. be surprised at 对……感到很惊奇 He is surprised at dragons. be surprised to do sth 惊奇地做某事 She was surprised to find she was lost. .…so they had to look for space to park their bikes 他们不得不寻找停自行车的地方 space 空间 e.g. Can you make space for this old man ? While the crowd was pushing him in different directions, someone stepped on his toes. 当人群从四面八方挤来时,有人踩了他的脚。 in one’s direction 朝着某人的方向 step on one’s toes踩了某人的脚 step on sth 踩某物 e.g. Don’t step on the flowers and grass. When he finally rushed out of the crowd, he noticed his friends were both out of sight. 当他最后冲出人群时,他注意到他的两个朋友都不见了。 It’s to the east of Yongling. 它在永陵的东面。 to the +方位词+of (表示互不接壤) Japan is to the east of China. on the +方位词+of (表示相互接壤)Fujian is on the south of Zhejang . in the +方位词+of 表示在某一范围内的地区 Beijing is in the north of China. be surprised at 对……感到很惊奇 He is surprised at dragons. be surprised to do sth 惊奇地做某事 She was surprised to find she was lost. .…so they had to look for space to park their bikes 他们不得不寻找停自行车的地方 space 空间 e.g. Can you make space for this old man ? While the crowd was pushing him in different directions, someone stepped on his toes. 当人群从四面八方挤来时,有人踩了他的脚。 in one’s direction 朝着某人的方向 step on one’s toes踩了某人的脚 step on sth 踩某物 e.g. Don’t step on the flowers and grass. When he finally rushed out of the crowd, he noticed his friends were both out of sight. 当他最后冲出人群时,他注意到他的两个朋友都不见了。
notice sb do sth 注意某人做了某事 notice sb doing sth注意某人正在做某事 As soon as the three boys saw each other, they all jumped up happily. 三个男孩一见面,就高兴得跳了起来。 as soon as 引导时间状语从句 意为“一……就” e.g. He didn’t raise his head until someone called his name. 直到有人喊他的名字,他才抬起头。 not …until 直到……才 can’t help doing sth 忍不住做某事 e.g. When I heard the funny news, I couldn’t help laughing. be satisfied with 对……感到满意 e.g. He is satisfied with my work. ask sb for help 向某人求助 e.g. The lost boy asked the police for help. notice sb do sth 注意某人做了某事 notice sb doing sth注意某人正在做某事 As soon as the three boys saw each other, they all jumped up happily. 三个男孩一见面,就高兴得跳了起来。 as soon as 引导时间状语从句 意为“一……就” e.g. He didn’t raise his head until someone called his name. 直到有人喊他的名字,他才抬起头。 not …until 直到……才 can’t help doing sth 忍不住做某事 e.g. When I heard the funny news, I couldn’t help laughing. be satisfied with 对……感到满意 e.g. He is satisfied with my work. ask sb for help 向某人求助 e.g. The lost boy asked the police for help.
时间状语从句 1.引导词: (1) when, while , as 当……时候. when 后可跟短暂性动词也可跟延续性动词;while 后跟延续性动词;as 多用于口语,强调同一时间,或一前一后。 e.g. The students were talking in the classroom when the teacher came in. = While the students were talking in the classroom , the teacher came in. 学生在教室里谈话时,老师进来了。 Mother always sings as she cooks dinner for us. 妈妈总是边给我们做饭边唱歌。 (2)not … until 直到……才,主句谓语动词常用短暂性动词。 e.g. I won’t leave here until the rain stops. He didn’t sleep until his mother came back home. (3) after 在……之后,before 在……之前,as soon as 一……就 e.g. I went to sleep after I finished my homework. = I finished my homework before I went to sleep. As soon as the bell rings , the students will go into the classroom. 2. 时态 (1)当主句为一般过去时时,从句常用过去的某种时态。 e.g. While I was doing my homework , the telephone rang. (2)当主句的时态为一般将来时, 从句用一般现在时。 e.g. I will call you as soon as I get to Beijing. 时间状语从句 1.引导词: (1) when, while , as 当……时候. when 后可跟短暂性动词也可跟延续性动词;while 后跟延续性动词;as 多用于口语,强调同一时间,或一前一后。 e.g. The students were talking in the classroom when the teacher came in. = While the students were talking in the classroom , the teacher came in. 学生在教室里谈话时,老师进来了。 Mother always sings as she cooks dinner for us. 妈妈总是边给我们做饭边唱歌。(2)not … until 直到……才,主句谓语动词常用短暂性动词。 e.g. I won’t leave here until the rain stops. He didn’t sleep until his mother came back home. (3) after 在……之后,before 在……之前,as soon as 一……就 e.g. I went to sleep after I finished my homework. = I finished my homework before I went to sleep. As soon as the bell rings , the students will go into the classroom. 2. 时态 (1)当主句为一般过去时时,从句常用过去的某种时态。 e.g. While I was doing my homework , the telephone rang. (2)当主句的时态为一般将来时, 从句用一般现在时。 e.g. I will call you as soon as I get to Beijing.
death (动词) die (形容词 )dead slow (副词) slowly success(动词)succeed (形容词)successful pain (形容词) painful lead (名词) leader final (副词) finally impossible (反义词) possible courage (动词) encourage slow down 减速 run into 撞到 avoid doing sth 避免 防止做某事 death (动词) die (形容词 )dead slow (副词) slowly success(动词)succeed (形容词)successful pain (形容词) painful lead (名词) leader final (副词) finally impossible (反义词) possible courage (动词) encourage slow down 减速 run into 撞到 avoid doing sth 避免 防止做某事
warn sb not to do sth 警告某人不要做某事 get used to (doing) 习惯于做某事 a sharp turn 急转弯 be popular with 受……的欢迎 go on doing sth 继续做某事 =continue to do sth. =continue doing sth. the way to success 成功之路 obey the traffic rules 遵守交通规则 break the traffic rules 违反交通规则 be afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事 be famous for 因……闻名 be in danger 处于危险中 after a while 一会儿 warn sb not to do sth 警告某人不要做某事 get used to (doing) 习惯于做某事 a sharp turn 急转弯 be popular with 受……的欢迎 go on doing sth 继续做某事 =continue to do sth. =continue doing sth.the way to success 成功之路 obey the traffic rules 遵守交通规则 break the traffic rules 违反交通规则 be afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事 be famous for 因……闻名 be in danger 处于危险中 after a while 一会儿
I feel a little more confident. 我感到自信多了。 more confident 是比较级 It can help us save energy and avoid pollution. 这样可以节约能源以及避免空气污染。 avoid sth / doing sth 避免做某事 e.g. You should avoid making the mistake like that. He ran into the wall to avoid hitting the truck. Bicycles are popular with people. 自行车深受人们欢迎。 Be popular with 受……欢迎 It warns us to be more careful. Warn sb (not)to do sth 警告/提醒某人做某事 e.g. He warned her to keep silence. warn sb about sth 提醒某人某事 Most people think bicycles are much safer than any other vehicle.大部分人认为自行车比其他交通工具要安全些。 I feel a little more confident. 我感到自信多了。 more confident 是比较级 It can help us save energy and avoid pollution. 这样可以节约能源以及避免空气污染。 avoid sth / doing sth 避免做某事 e.g. You should avoid making the mistake like that. He ran into the wall to avoid hitting the truck.Bicycles are popular with people. 自行车深受人们欢迎。 Be popular with 受……欢迎 It warns us to be more careful. Warn sb (not)to do sth 警告/提醒某人做某事 e.g. He warned her to keep silence. warn sb about sth 提醒某人某事 Most people think bicycles are much safer than any other vehicle.大部分人认为自行车比其他交通工具要安全些。
8..However, his way to success didn’t go well. 然而,他的成功之路并非一帆风顺。 The way to success 成功之路 success in doing sth 在……成功 e.g. I didn’t have much success in finding a job. 我找工作没什么结果。 Like the other challenges in his life, Lance faced it head-on. 像面对生命中其他挑战一样,兰斯迎头面对。 It seems impossible to beat him. 打败他似乎是不可能的。 beat sb 打败某人 win a game /match/ a gold medal It seems +adj+to do sth 做某事似乎…… She always seems to be sad. 8..However, his way to success didn’t go well. 然而,他的成功之路并非一帆风顺。 The way to success 成功之路 success in doing sth 在……成功 e.g. I didn’t have much success in finding a job. 我找工作没什么结果。Like the other challenges in his life, Lance faced it head-on. 像面对生命中其他挑战一样,兰斯迎头面对。 It seems impossible to beat him. 打败他似乎是不可能的。 beat sb 打败某人 win a game /match/ a gold medal It seems +adj+to do sth 做某事似乎…… She always seems to be sad.
know about…知道,了解 be born in…出生于某地 make money 赚钱 turn to sb. for help 转向某人求助 chat with sb. 和某人闲谈 prepare for… 准备…. think about 考虑,思考 decide to do sth. 决定做某事 invite sb. to do 邀请某人做某事 plan to 计划做某事 keep up 保持 in order to 为了……,目的是…… be pleased with 对……感到满意/高兴 come true = realize 实现know about…知道,了解be born in…出生于某地make money 赚钱turn to sb. for help 转向某人求助chat with sb. 和某人闲谈prepare for… 准备….think about 考虑,思考decide to do sth. 决定做某事invite sb. to do 邀请某人做某事plan to 计划做某事keep up 保持in order to 为了……,目的是……be pleased with 对……感到满意/高兴come true = realize 实现
on the first floor 在一楼 get…from… 从……中得到…… shopping center 购物中心 catch one’s eye 吸引某人的注意 go with… 与……相配=match on special days 在特殊的日子 in fact 事实上,实际上 Thanksgiving Day 感恩节 depend on 依靠,依赖=rely on It’s said that 据说 the same…as… 与……一样 protect…from… 保护……使不受…… as well as 也,还=and be made of/from 由……制成on the first floor 在一楼 get…from… 从……中得到……shopping center 购物中心 catch one’s eye 吸引某人的注意go with… 与……相配=match on special days 在特殊的日子in fact 事实上,实际上 Thanksgiving Day 感恩节depend on 依靠,依赖=rely onIt’s said that 据说the same…as… 与……一样protect…from… 保护……使不受…… as well as 也,还=and be made of/from 由……制成
what’s it made of?它是由什么做成的? be made of意为“由……制成”(看出原料) be made from“由……制成”(看不出原料) be made in “某物生产于某地” be made up of“由……组成”=be consisted of be made into“把……作成某产品” The weather is getting warmer and warmer.天气变得越来越暖和了。 “比较级+and+比较级”表示“越来越……” e.g The little tree is getting taller and taller.那棵小树越来越高了。 对于多音节的形容词或副词则这样表达more and more+adj/adv. e.g. The girl becomes more and more beautiful.那个女孩变得越来越漂亮了what’s it made of?它是由什么做成的? be made of意为“由……制成”(看出原料) be made from“由……制成”(看不出原料) be made in “某物生产于某地” be made up of“由……组成”=be consisted of be made into“把……作成某产品”The weather is getting warmer and warmer.天气变得越来越暖和了。 “比较级+and+比较级”表示“越来越……” e.g The little tree is getting taller and taller.那棵小树越来越高了。对于多音节的形容词或副词则这样表达more and more+adj/adv. e.g. The girl becomes more and more beautiful.那个女孩变得越来越漂亮了
We can get cotton from plants and get wool,silk and leather from animals.我们可以从植物中获得棉花,从动物中获得羊毛、丝绸和皮革。 get sth .from/sth./sb.从某事或某人处获得某物。 A…caught her eye.一个……引起了她的注意。 catch one’s eye 意为“吸引某人的注意” e.g. Can you catch the teacher’s eye?你能引起老师的注意吗? What the people there wear depends on their likes and dislikes.人们的衣着取决于他们的喜好。 depend on 意为“依靠、依赖”如: e.g. We depend on our hard work.我们依靠我们的努力工作。 Some people prefer to dress formally…一些人宁可打扮得正式些 prefer 宁肯,更喜欢……, prefer A to B = like A better than B e.g. I like prefer singing =I like singing better.我更喜欢唱歌。 I prefer swimming to skating.比起滑冰我更喜欢游泳。 While many South American people have the same way of dressing as Australia?然而许多南美的人们和澳大利亚有相同的衣着方式。 While用于对比两件事物,意为“而……,然而……” e.g. Michael is interested in music, while his brother prefers P.E.迈克对音乐感兴趣,而他的兄弟却更喜欢体育。 the same… as 和……一样/相同,反义词:be different from…与……不一样, e.g. My idea is the same as yours, but it’s different from his我的主意和你的一样,但和他的不一样。We can get cotton from plants and get wool,silk and leather from animals.我们可以从植物中获得棉花,从动物中获得羊毛、丝绸和皮革。 get sth .from/sth./sb.从某事或某人处获得某物。A…caught her eye.一个……引起了她的注意。 catch one’s eye 意为“吸引某人的注意” e.g. Can you catch the teacher’s eye?你能引起老师的注意吗?What the people there wear depends on their likes and dislikes.人们的衣着取决于他们的喜好。 depend on 意为“依靠、依赖”如: e.g. We depend on our hard work.我们依靠我们的努力工作。Some people prefer to dress formally…一些人宁可打扮得正式些 prefer 宁肯,更喜欢……, prefer A to B = like A better than B e.g. I like prefer singing =I like singing better.我更喜欢唱歌。 I prefer swimming to skating.比起滑冰我更喜欢游泳。While many South American people have the same way of dressing as Australia?然而许多南美的人们和澳大利亚有相同的衣着方式。 While用于对比两件事物,意为“而……,然而……” e.g. Michael is interested in music, while his brother prefers P.E.迈克对音乐感兴趣,而他的兄弟却更喜欢体育。 the same… as 和……一样/相同,反义词:be different from…与……不一样, e.g. My idea is the same as yours, but it’s different from his我的主意和你的一样,但和他的不一样。
People first started wearing clothes to(表目的) protect themselves from the sun ,wind, rain and cold.人们最早穿衣服是为了保护他们不受日晒、风吹、雨打以及寒冷。 一句话里有并列的几个单词或词组,这些并列的单词和词组中间用逗号,最后一个用and。 protect …from sth/doing sth 阻止……做…… e.g. The trees can protect the sand from moving.树可以防止沙子向前移。 Try to protect your skin from the sun.尽量保护你的皮肤不受太阳暴晒。People first started wearing clothes to(表目的) protect themselves from the sun ,wind, rain and cold.人们最早穿衣服是为了保护他们不受日晒、风吹、雨打以及寒冷。 一句话里有并列的几个单词或词组,这些并列的单词和词组中间用逗号,最后一个用and。 protect …from sth/doing sth 阻止……做…… e.g. The trees can protect the sand from moving.树可以防止沙子向前移。 Try to protect your skin from the sun.尽量保护你的皮肤不受太阳暴晒。
感叹句感叹句(1)感叹句用于表示说话时的一种较为强烈的感情。 如:喜悦、赞叹、惊异、愤怒、厌恶等。 感叹句的构成为“感叹部分+陈述部分+(主语+谓语)”,感叹部分由感叹词引导,陈述部分为整个感叹句的主语和谓语,句尾要用叹号“!”,读时要用降调。 e.g. What a nice day it is ! 多好的天气! What a good boy he is ! 多好的男孩! How silly you are ! 你真傻! How beautiful it is ! 它多美啊! (2)感叹句的四种形式: What +a(an)+名词单数+主语+谓语 What +形容词+可数名词复数/不可数名词+主语+谓语 How +形容词+主语+be How +副词+主语+动词(1)感叹句用于表示说话时的一种较为强烈的感情。 如:喜悦、赞叹、惊异、愤怒、厌恶等。 感叹句的构成为“感叹部分+陈述部分+(主语+谓语)”,感叹部分由感叹词引导,陈述部分为整个感叹句的主语和谓语,句尾要用叹号“!”,读时要用降调。 e.g. What a nice day it is ! 多好的天气! What a good boy he is ! 多好的男孩! How silly you are ! 你真傻! How beautiful it is ! 它多美啊!(2)感叹句的四种形式: What +a(an)+名词单数+主语+谓语 What +形容词+可数名词复数/不可数名词+主语+谓语 How +形容词+主语+be How +副词+主语+动词
school uniform 校服 allow sb.to do sth 允许某人做某事 make a survey 做调查 be in need 在需要时 take off 脱下,脱掉;起飞 on every occasion 在每一个场合 have a business meeting 开商务会议 dress for 为……穿衣服/打扮 in fashion 流行,时尚 out of fashion 不流行,过时 advise sb.(not) to do sth. 建议/劝告某人(不要)做某事 at other times 在其余的时候;有的时候school uniform 校服 allow sb.to do sth 允许某人做某事make a survey 做调查 be in need 在需要时take off 脱下,脱掉;起飞 on every occasion 在每一个场合have a business meeting 开商务会议 dress for 为……穿衣服/打扮in fashion 流行,时尚 out of fashion 不流行,过时advise sb.(not) to do sth. 建议/劝告某人(不要)做某事at other times 在其余的时候;有的时候
I don’t like uniform because they will so ugly on us.我不喜欢校服,因为我们穿了它看起来很丑。 look so ugly on us意为“穿在我们身上看起来很丑” look so + adj. on sb.(宾格) I think our school should allow us to design our own uniform. 我认为我们的学校应该允许我们设计自己的校服。 allow“允许、许可”,allow sb .to do sth.“允许某人做某事”如: e.g. Mr.Wang allows us to play football.王老师允许我们踢足球。 They are good for patients. 他们对病人有好处。 be good for 对……有益 be bad for 对……有坏处 be good at 擅长于= do well in Second, patients can find easily when they are in need.第二,当病人需要我们时,会很容易地找到我们。 be in need “需要”,与 need同义。 e.g. When you are in need, you can call me.当你在需要的时候,你可以打电话给我。I don’t like uniform because they will so ugly on us.我不喜欢校服,因为我们穿了它看起来很丑。 look so ugly on us意为“穿在我们身上看起来很丑” look so + adj. on sb.(宾格)I think our school should allow us to design our own uniform. 我认为我们的学校应该允许我们设计自己的校服。 allow“允许、许可”,allow sb .to do sth.“允许某人做某事”如: e.g. Mr.Wang allows us to play football.王老师允许我们踢足球。They are good for patients. 他们对病人有好处。 be good for 对……有益 be bad for 对……有坏处 be good at 擅长于= do well inSecond, patients can find easily when they are in need.第二,当病人需要我们时,会很容易地找到我们。 be in need “需要”,与 need同义。 e.g. When you are in need, you can call me.当你在需要的时候,你可以打电话给我。
You should take off your shoes when you enter someone’s home in Japan.当你进入日本人家的时候,必须先脱掉鞋子。 take off意为“脱下,脱掉”,反义词组是put on. take off还可表示“起飞” e.g. The plane will take off in an hour.飞机将在一小时内起飞。 But now ,most of us can dress for ourselves.但是现在我们大多数人都可以自己打扮。 dress for“为……穿衣服” put on“穿(戴)上”的动作,反义词take off wear, have …on, be on…“穿(戴)着”的状态。 dress sb./oneself“给别人/自己穿衣服,dress up“穿上盛穿、乔装打扮” dress后不能接“衣服”类的词作宾语。 It’s well-known that uniforms are not popular but useful.众所周知,制服不流行但有用。 ①It’s well- known…意为“众所周知” e.g. It’s well- known that this song is very popular. 众所周知,这首歌很流行。 ②not…but… 不是……而是…… e.g. He isn’t a teacher but a doctor.他不是一个老师而是一个医生。You should take off your shoes when you enter someone’s home in Japan.当你进入日本人家的时候,必须先脱掉鞋子。 take off意为“脱下,脱掉”,反义词组是put on. take off还可表示“起飞” e.g. The plane will take off in an hour.飞机将在一小时内起飞。But now ,most of us can dress for ourselves.但是现在我们大多数人都可以自己打扮。 dress for“为……穿衣服” put on“穿(戴)上”的动作,反义词take off wear, have …on, be on…“穿(戴)着”的状态。 dress sb./oneself“给别人/自己穿衣服,dress up“穿上盛穿、乔装打扮” dress后不能接“衣服”类的词作宾语。It’s well-known that uniforms are not popular but useful.众所周知,制服不流行但有用。 ①It’s well- known…意为“众所周知” e.g. It’s well- known that this song is very popular. 众所周知,这首歌很流行。 ②not…but… 不是……而是…… e.g. He isn’t a teacher but a doctor.他不是一个老师而是一个医生。
fashion show 时装表演/时装秀 T-shaped stag T型台 in the center of 在……的中心 high fashion 高级时尚 in the world of … 在……领域 wedding dress 婚纱 stand for 代表=represent get one’s name 得名 be known to 为……所知 be designed as 以……来设计 except for 除……之外fashion show 时装表演/时装秀 T-shaped stag T型台in the center of 在……的中心 high fashion 高级时尚in the world of … 在……领域 wedding dress 婚纱stand for 代表=represent get one’s name 得名be known to 为……所知 be designed as 以……来设计except for 除……之外
There is going to be a fashion show in fashion show in Xidan Shopping center.在西单购物中心将会有一场时装秀。 There is going to be…是There be结构的将来时,表示某地将举行某项运动,或将有某物。 e.g. There is going to be a football match in our school next week. =There will be a football match in our school next week.我们学校下周将有一场足球比赛。 there is/are going to be=there will be Here come the models. 模特走过来了。 (1)英语中以here或there开头的句子要全部倒装,除主语是代词外,动词要放在主语之前。 e.g. Here come Mary! 玛丽来了! Here come the bus! 车来了! (2)主语若是人称代词时,主语和谓语的语序不变。 e.g. Here she comes.她来了。 Here it is.它在这儿。There is going to be a fashion show in fashion show in Xidan Shopping center.在西单购物中心将会有一场时装秀。 There is going to be…是There be结构的将来时,表示某地将举行某项运动,或将有某物。 e.g. There is going to be a football match in our school next week. =There will be a football match in our school next week.我们学校下周将有一场足球比赛。 there is/are going to be=there will beHere come the models. 模特走过来了。 (1)英语中以here或there开头的句子要全部倒装,除主语是代词外,动词要放在主语之前。 e.g. Here come Mary! 玛丽来了! Here come the bus! 车来了! (2)主语若是人称代词时,主语和谓语的语序不变。 e.g. Here she comes.她来了。 Here it is.它在这儿。
stand for意为“代表”,如:It stands for Olympics.它代表着奥林匹克。 (1)so-called所谓的 (2)get one’s name得名 如:The village got its name from the lake in it.这个村庄因村内的湖泊而得名。 Chinese fashion is different from not only western fashion,but also fashion from other Asian countries such as Japan and Korea.中国时装不仅不同于西方国家,也有别于其他亚洲国家,如日本和韩国等。 (1) be different from与……不同 (2)not only …but also意为“不但……而且” (3)such as例如,后面跟两个或者两者以上 example 例如,for example 后面跟一个例子 be designed as被设计成 e.g. They decided that the theater will be designed as a palace.他们决定把那个剧院设计成宫殿模样。 Today, few people wear kimonos except for special occasions like weddings and national celebrations. except for除……之外 e.g. The roads were clear except for a few cars.除了几辆小汽车外,马路上空荡荡的。stand for意为“代表”,如:It stands for Olympics.它代表着奥林匹克。 (1)so-called所谓的 (2)get one’s name得名 如:The village got its name from the lake in it.这个村庄因村内的湖泊而得名。 Chinese fashion is different from not only western fashion,but also fashion from other Asian countries such as Japan and Korea.中国时装不仅不同于西方国家,也有别于其他亚洲国家,如日本和韩国等。 (1) be different from与……不同 (2)not only …but also意为“不但……而且” (3)such as例如,后面跟两个或者两者以上 example 例如,for example 后面跟一个例子be designed as被设计成 e.g. They decided that the theater will be designed as a palace.他们决定把那个剧院设计成宫殿模样。Today, few people wear kimonos except for special occasions like weddings and national celebrations. except for除……之外 e.g. The roads were clear except for a few cars.除了几辆小汽车外,马路上空荡荡的。

名称:八年级下册PEP人教版期末总复习资料英语ppt课件下载

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